There are several contexts in which it is of relevance that a certain property of a morphism $f : A \to B$ is preserved (or stable) under pullback, i.e. also shared by the the morphism $\tilde{f}: X \times_B A \to X$ for any pullback diagram
Geometers prefer to say “stable under base change”.
Monomorphisms are always stable under pullback; that is, if $f$ is a monomorphism, then so is $\tilde{f}$.
In many important kinds of categories; some or all colimits are stable under pullback; this is discussed at commutativity of limits and colimits.
The right lifting property: Generally, the property of a morphism of having a right lifting property is stable under pullback. Therefore for instance fibrations and acyclic fibrations in a model category are stable under pullback. If also weak equivalences are stable under pullback along fibrations, then one speaks of a right proper model category.
Similarly, the property of being right orthogonal to a class of morphisms is stable under pullback. Thus, the right class in any orthogonal factorization system is stable under pullback. If the left class is also pullback-stable, the OFS is called stable.