The term twist or twisted is one of the hugely overloaded terms in math. Among the various meaning it may have is

Twists in braided monoidal categories


A twist, or balance, in a braided monoidal category BB is a natural transformation from the identity functor on BB to itself satisfying a certain condition that links it to the braiding. A balanced monoidal category is a braided monoidal category equipped with such a balance.

The condition linking the balancing to the braiding, where θ\theta is the balance and β\beta is the braiding, is that θ xy\theta_{x \otimes y} should be the composite of β x,y\beta_{x,y}, θ yθ x\theta_y \otimes \theta_x, and β y,x\beta_{y,x}.


Every symmetric monoidal category is balanced in a canonical way; in fact, the identity natural transformation (on the identity functor of BB) is a balance on BB if and only if BB is symmetric. Thus balanced monoidal categories fall between braided monoidal categories and symmetric monoidal categories. (They should not be confused with balanced categories, which are unrelated.)

In the string diagram calculus for ribbon categories, the twist is represented by a 360-degree twist in a ribbon.


This definition is taken from Jeff Egger (Appendix C), but the original definition is due to Joyal and Street.

Revised on November 26, 2014 13:05:27 by Anonymous Coward (