Let $G$ be an abelian group?, and $n$ a natural number?. The Eilenberg-MacLane space $K(G,n)$ is the unique space that has $\pi_n(K(G,n)\cong G$ and it’s other homotopy groups trivial.

These spaces are a basic tool in classical algebraic topology, they can be used to define cohomology.

Definition

Let $G$ be an group, the Eilenberg-MacLane space$K(G,1)$, the higher inductive 1-type with the following constructors:

$base$ is a point of $K(G,1)$, $loop$ is a function that constructs a path from $base$ to $base$ for each element of $G$. $id$ says the path constructed from the identity element is the trivial loop. Finally, $comp$ says that the path constructed from group multiplication of elements is the concatenation of paths.

It should be noted that this type is 1-truncated? which could be added as another constructor:

$\displaystyle \prod_{x,y:K(G,1)} \prod_{p,q:x=y} \prod_{r,s:p=q} r = s$

Recursion principle

To define a function $f : K(G,1) \to C$ for some type $C$, it suffices to give

a point $c : C$

a family of loops $l : G \to (c = c)$

a path $l(e)=id$

a path $l(x \cdot y) = l(y) \circ l(x)$

a proof that $C$ is a 1-type.

Then $f$ satisfies the equations

$f(base) \equiv c$

$ap_{f} (loop(x))=l(x)$

It should be noted that the above can be compressed, to specify a function $f : K(G,1) \to C$, it suffices to give: