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A *$k$-formal group* is a $k$-group whose underlying $k$-functor is a $k$-formal functor.

The previous constructions in chapter II carry over to $k$-formal groups.

Let $G$ be a commutative $k$-group functor. Then the *Cartier dual* $D(G)$ of $G$ is defined by

$D(G)(R)=Gr_R(G\otimes_k R,\mu_R)$

Moreover we have

$hom(G,D(H))=hom(H,D(G))=hom(G\times H,\mu_k)$

Last revised on May 27, 2012 at 13:30:40. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.