double derivation

Given a *commutative* ring $k$ and an associative $k$-algebra $A$ over $k$, the tensor product $A\otimes_k A$ is equipped with two bimodule structures, “outer” and “inner”. For the outer structure $a\cdot_o(b\otimes c)\cdot_o d = a b\otimes c d$ and for the inner $a\cdot_i(b\otimes c)\cdot_i d = b d\otimes a c$. The two bimodule structures mutually commute. A $k$-linear map $\alpha\in Hom_k(A,A\otimes A)$ is called a **double derivation** if it is also a map of $A$-bimodules with respect to the *outer* bimodule structure ($\alpha\in A Mod A({}_A A_A,{}_A A\otimes_k A_A)$); thus the $k$-module $Der(A,A\otimes A)$ of all double derivations becomes an $A$-bimodule with respect to the *inner* $A$-bimodule structure.

The tensor algebra $T_A Der(A,A\otimes A)$ of the $A$-bimodule $Der(A,A\otimes A)$ (which is the free monoid on $Der(A,A\otimes A)$ in the monoidal category of $A$-bimodules) is a step in the definition of the deformed preprojective algebra?s of Bill Crawley-Boevey?. A theorem of van den Bergh says that for any associative $A$ the tensor algebra $T_A Der(A,A\otimes A)$ has a canonical double Poisson bracket?.

- Michel Van den Bergh,
*Double Poisson algebras*, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc.**360**(2008), 5711–5769, arXiv:math.AG/0410528 - Anne Pichereau, Geert Van de Weyer,
*Double Poisson cohomology of path algebras of quivers*, J. Alg.**319**, 5 (2008), 2166–2208 (doi) - Jorge A. Guccione, Juan J. Guccione, A characterization of quiver algebras based on double derivations, arXiv:0807.1148

Revised on July 24, 2009 01:05:48
by Toby Bartels
(71.104.230.172)