The theory of meromorphic connections is a modern viewpoint on local behaviour of a class of systems of ODE-s with meromorphic coefficients in a complex domain.
Consider the field $\mathcal{K}$ of meromorphic functions in a neighborhood of $0\in \mathbb{C}$ with possible pole at $0$ and a finite dimensional $\mathcal{K}$-module $M$. A meromorphic connection at $x=0$ is a $\mathbb{C}$-linear operator $\nabla:M\to M$ satisfying
In fact, it is customary, in modern literature to consider just a germ: the connections on two different neighborhoods agreeing on the intersection are identified. This way $\mathcal{K}$ is isomorphic to the field of formal Laurent series $\mathbb{C}[ [u] ][u^{-1}]$.
There is a natural tensor product on the category of $\mathcal{K}$-modules with meromorphic connections. Namely $(M,\nabla_M)\otimes (N\nabla_N) = (M\otimes N,\nabla)$ where
There is also an inner hom, namely $HOM((M,\nabla_M),(P,\nabla_P))$ is $Hom_{\mathcal{K}}(M,P)$ with a meromorphic connection
chapter 5, Theory of meromorphic connections, from R. Hotta, K. Takeuchi, T. Tanisaki, D-modules, perverse sheaves, and representation theory, Progress in Mathematics 236, Birkhäuser
C. Sabbah, Isomonodromic deformations and Frobenius manifolds, Springer 2007, doi, errata
P. Maisonobe, C. Sabbah, D-modules cohérents et holonomes, Hermann, Paris 1993.
L.Katzarkov, M.Kontsevich, T.Pantev, Hodge theoretic aspects of mirror symmetry, arxiv/0806.0107
D. Babbitt, V.S. Varadarajan, Deformations of nilpotent matrices over rings and reduction of analytic families of meromorphic differential equations, Mem. Amer. Math. Soc. 55 (325), iv+147, 1985; Local moduli for meromorphic differential equations, Astérisque 169-170 (1989), 1–217.
V.S. Varadarajan, Linear meromorphic differential equation: a modern point of view, Bull. AMS 33, n. 1, 1996, pdf, citeseer:pdf.
Pierre Deligne, Équations différentielles à points singuliers réguliers, Lect. Notes in Math. 163, Springer-Verlag (1970)
A discussion of meromorphic connections on the complex projective line:
Last revised on January 27, 2023 at 09:30:46. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.