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Let us work in a category $C$ with pullbacks; let $G$ be an internal group in $C$.

Let $\nu: P\times G\to P$ be a right principal action and $p:P\times G\to P$ the projection. Let $\pi:P\to X$ be the coequalizer of $\nu$ and $p$. The principality says $P\times G \to P\times_X P$ given by $(p,g)\mapsto (p,p g)$ is an isomorphism. We do not assume $P$ to be trivial.

$P\times G \overset{\nu}\underset{p}\rightrightarrows P \overset{\pi}\to X$

We have also

$P\times_X P \overset{p_1}\underset{p_2}\rightrightarrows P \overset{\pi}\to X$

where $p_1,p_2$ make a kernel pair of $\pi$. Thus the principality is equivalent to saying that $\nu,p$ make also a kernel pair of its own coequalizer. The two diagrams above are truncations of augmented simplicial objects in $C$. We want to relate these objects to monads.

For this let us suppose we work in codomain fibration. Then we have two monads in $C/P$ whose underlying functors are $p_! \nu^*$ and $\pi^* \pi_!$. The second monad is induced by a pair of adjoint functors, while the first is also easy to define. Namely to construct the component $\mu_l$ of the transformation $\mu: p_! \nu^* p_!\nu^*\to p_!\nu^*$ where $h: L\to P$, by the universal property of the pullback there is an obvious map $\nu^* p_! \nu^* h$ to $p_* \nu^* h$ which can be interpreted as a map $p_!\nu^* p_! \nu^* h\to p_* \nu^* h$ because the domains of the maps $p_!\nu^* p_! \nu^* h$ and $\nu^* p_! \nu^* h$ are the same by the definition and the commuting triangles can be checked easily.

The principality $P\times G \cong P\times_X P$ now induces the isomorphisms

$p_! \nu^* h \cong \pi^* \pi_! h$

natural in $h:L\to P$.

Thus the Eilenberg-Moore categories of the two monads are equivalent.

$P\to X$ is an effective descent morphism with respect to codomain fibration if the comparison functor for any of the two above isomorphic monads above is an equivalence of categories.

$[\hat{x}_\mu,\hat{x}_\nu] = i (a_\mu\hat{x}_\nu-a_\nu\hat{x}_\mu)$

Last revised on February 26, 2010 at 20:50:49. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.