Pierre Gabriel (sometimes as Peter Gabriel, born 1933) – a French and Swiss mathematician, professor at Zürich, was a president of Swiss Mathematical Society in 1980/1981.
A version of Gabriel’s PhD thesis has been published as Des catégories abéliennes in 1962. His thesis was a major breakthrough in the theory of localization, and the study of abelian categories, including categories of quasicoherent sheaves on schemes. In retrospective, it can be said that it was in its ideas and methods one of the starting points of modern noncommutative algebraic geometry as well.
Gabriel assisted Grothendieck in reformulating the pseudofunctor version of descent theory in invariant (property characterized way) i.e. as fibered categories which he wrote up under the guidance of Grothendieck in SGA I.6. Gabriel contributed to some other parts of SGA, namely in study of group schemes and formal schemes, e.g. in SGA III.2 (Exp. 7a, P. Gabriel, Étude infinitésimale des schémas en groupe et groupes formels; Exp. 7b, P. Gabriel, Groupes formels). Soon after with Demazure writes a first tome of an unfinished but monumental work on algebraic groups which, more than EGA, emphasised functor of points view.
In later part of his mathematical career, Gabriel worked on representation theory of finite-dimensional associative algebras and quivers, where he found some of the basic theorems.
Some of the lab entries related to Gabriel’s work include Gabriel filter, Gabriel composition of filters, Gabriel multiplication and we mention here and there Gabriel localization, Gabriel spectrum of indecomposable injectives, Gabriel–Popescu embedding theorem, Gabriel–Rosenberg reconstruction theorem, Gabriel–Zisman localization and Gabriel’s property (sup) in the theory of abelian categories.