Contents

# Contents

## Idea

For $C$ an ordinary category and $c \in C$ an object of $C$, the ordinary over category $C\downarrow c$ satisfies the universal property that for any other category $C'$ there is a natural equivalence of categories

$Hom(C',C\downarrow c) \simeq Hom_{c}(C' \star , C) \,,$

where

• $C' \star $ denotes the category $C'$ with a freely adjoined terminal object $0$;

• $Hom_{c}(C' \star , C)$ denotes the category of pairs $(F,\gamma)$, where $F: C' \star \to C$ is a functor and $\gamma:F(0)\to c$ is an isomorphism in $C$.

The object $c$ can be seen as a functor $c: \to C$. From this point of view, $\gamma$ is a natural transformation from $F\circ\iota$ to $c$, where $\iota: \to C' \star $ is the inclusion functor.

Remaining in the classical setting, even more is true: $C'\star $ is a particular case of the join operation between categories, which admits a terse description in terms of the cograph of a profunctor.

More precisely, let $C,D$ be two categories; their join $C\star D$ is defined to be the category whose set of objects is the disjoint union of the sets of objects of $C$ and $D$, and where we add one and only one morphism between any $c\in C$ and any other $d\in D$. This is precisely the cograph of $C\uplus_\omega D$ of the unique profunctor $\omega\colon C^\text{op}\times D\to {\rm Set}$ sending any two $(c,d)$ to the singleton.

It is extremely easy, with this definition, to show that given a functor $p\colon K\to C$, the category $C_{/p}$ of cones over $p$ (and the category $C_{p/}$ of co-cones) are uniquely characterized by the following universal properties:

$\text{Fun}(D, C_{/p})\cong \text{Fun}^{p}(D\star K, C)$
$\text{Fun}(D, C_{p/})\cong \text{Fun}^p(K\star D,C)$

where $\text{Fun}^p(D\star K, C)$ denotes the category whose objects are functors which coincide with $p$ when restricted to the full subcategory $K\subset K\star D$ (see HTT Prop. 1.2.9.2). This characterize $C_{/p}$ as a representative for the functor $D\mapsto \text{Fun}_p(K\star D,C)$.

The idea of the definition of over category in the context of quasi-categories is to mimic this universal property. This relies crucially on generalizing the construction $C' \star $ to the context of quasi-categories, in terms of the join of quasi-categories.

Fosco Loregian Warning: this paragraph is highly conjectural and for the moment I’m not able to offer any proof for these statements. In particular I would like to show

• The equivalence between the quasicategorial and the simplicially enriched definition;
• Does the “classical” definition of join between simplicial sets $K\star S$ coincide with the coherent nerve of the simplicial category $C[K]\star C[S]$? This would automatically entail that the coherent nerve in $\star$-monoidal, as claimed in HTT 1.2.8.2.

A word about the quasicategorical join operation: Joyal’s Prop. 3.1 suggests to interpret the join operation of simplicial sets as the convolution of presheaves. Nevertheless, it seems that the “pro-functorial” definition has something to say even in the $(\infty,1)$-categorical case: instead of the quasicategorical model, we want to consider the simplicially enriched model for $(\infty,1)$-categories. In this setting, the join of two $(\infty,1)$-categories $C,D\in\text{sSet-Cat}$ can easily be interpreted as the cograph $C\uplus_\omega D$ of the terminal $\text{sSet}$-profunctor sending any two objects $(C,D)$ to the terminal simplicial set.

Therefore, let $F : K \to C$ be a morphism of quasi-categories; the over-quasi-category $C_{/F}$ is the quasi-category characterized by the property that for any other quasi-category $S$ there is a natural equivalence of quasi-categories

$Hom(S, C_{/F}) \simeq Hom_{F}( S \star K, C ) \,,$

where

• $S \star K$ is the join of quasi-categories of $S$ with $K$;

• $Hom_{F}( S \star K, C )$ is the quasi-category of pairs $(f,\gamma)$, where $f : S \star K \to C$ is a morphism of quasi-categories and $\gamma\colon f\circ \iota\to F$ is an isomorphism and $\iota:K\to S \star K$ is the natural inclusion.

Here one sees the advantage of having worked with the full quasi-categories of morphisms rather than with Hom-Sets. Indeed, if $$ denotes the terminal quasi-category, then any quasi-category $C$ is naturally equivalent to $Hom(,C)$.

Therefore the above description of $C_{/F}$ is reduced to the following

## Definition

Let $F : K \to C$ be a morphism of quasi-categories. The over-quasi-category $C_{/F}$ is the quasi-category $Hom_{F}(  \star K, C )$.

See proposition 1.2.9.2, p. 44 and the text leading to and including proposition 1.2.9.3 of

• J. Lurie, Higher topos theory (pdf)

!redirects over-category in quasi-categories?

!redirects over quasicategory?

!redirects over-quasi-category?

!redirects over-quasicategory?

!redirects overquasicategory?

!redirects slice quasi-category?

!redirects slice quasicategory?

Revised on October 27, 2013 at 12:31:24 by Fosco Loregian