If the limit exists for every and every then one can define a map
A simple but nontrivial example is the operator
with the derivative
In the context of a Fréchet space, it may be that the directional derivative in every direction exists but the Fréchet derivative does not; however the existence of Fréchet derivative implies the existence of directional derivatives in all directions.
The notion of directional derivatives extends to smooth manifolds (including infinite-dimensional ones based on Fréchet spaces) using local coordinates; the differentiability does not depend on the choice of a local chart. In this case we have (if everything is defined)
where is the tangent space of (an open subspace of .
Wikipedia (English): Gâteaux derivative
R. Gâteaux, Sur les fonctionnelles continues et les fonctionnelles analytiques, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. I Math. 157 (1913) pp. 325–327; Fonctions d’une infinités des variables indépendantes, Bull. Soc. Math. France 47 (1919) 70–96, numdam; Sur diverses questions du calcul fonctionnel, Bulletin de la Société Mathématique de France tome 50 (1922) 1–37, numdam
An analogue of the directional derivative and Faa di Bruno formula in the Goodwillie calculus are in