# nLab cocommutative coalgebra

### Context

#### Algebra

higher algebra

universal algebra

# Contents

## Idea

The notion of cocommutative coalgebra is the formal dual of commutative algebra.

Coommutative coalgebras form the category CocommCoalg.

## Definition

For $(C,\otimes, I, \sigma)$ a symmetric monoidal category, a comonoid object in $C$ is an object $A$ equipped with a morphism

$\Delta : A \to A \otimes A$

(“comultiplication”) and a morphism

$\varepsilon: A \to I$

(“counit”) that satisfy the coassociativity? and couniticity? equations:

$\array{ A &\stackrel{\Delta}{\to}& A \otimes A \\ ^\mathllap{\Delta} \downarrow && \downarrow^{\mathrlap{Id \otimes \Delta}} \\ A \otimes A &\underset{\Delta \otimes Id}{\to}& A \otimes A \otimes A } \qquad \qquad \qquad \array{ & & A & & \\ & ^\mathllap{Id} \swarrow & \downarrow^\mathrlap{\Delta} & \searrow^\mathrlap{Id} & \\ A & \underset{Id \otimes \varepsilon}{\leftarrow} & A \otimes A & \underset{\varepsilon \otimes Id}{\to} & A } \,.$

This is co-commutative if we have a commuting diagram

$\array{ && A \otimes A \\ & {}^{\mathllap{\Delta}}\nearrow && \searrow^\mathrlap{\sigma_{A,A}} \\ A &&\underset{\Delta}{\to}&& A \otimes A } \,,$

where $\sigma_{A,A} : A \otimes A \to A \otimes A$ is the braiding isomorphism of $C$.

In the case of the symmetric monoidal category of modules over a commutative ring $R$, such an object is called a cocommutative coalgebra over $R$. In the case of the symmetric monoidal category of chain complexes (or differential graded spaces), such an object is called a DG coalgebra.

Sometimes “cocommutative coalgebra” in a symmetric monoidal category is used as a synonym for cocommutative comonoid object. We will follow that convention below. If $M$ is symmetric monoidal, then $CocommCoalg(M)$ denotes the category of cocommutative algebras and coalgebra maps in $M$.

## Relation to cartesian monoidal categories

Cocommutative coalgebras form a bridge between the doctrines of symmetric monoidal categories and cartesian monoidal categories. Notice that every object in a cartesian monoidal category carries a unique cocommutative comonoid structure (the counit is the unique map to the terminal object, and the counicity equations then force the comultiplication map to be the diagonal), and every morphism in a cartesian monoidal category is thereby a coalgebra map.

If $C$ and $D$ are two cocommutative coalgebras, then $C \otimes D$ becomes a cocommutative coalgebra with comultiplication

$C \otimes D \stackrel{\Delta_C \otimes \Delta_D}{\to} C \otimes C \otimes D \otimes D \stackrel{Id \otimes \sigma \otimes Id}{\to} C \otimes D \otimes C \otimes D$

and counit

$C \otimes D \stackrel{\varepsilon_C \otimes \varepsilon_D}{\to} I \otimes I \cong I.$
###### Proposition

$C \otimes D$ is the cartesian product of $C$ and $D$ in $CocommCoalg(M)$.

###### Theorem

The forgetful 2-functor

$U: CartMonCat \to SymMonCat,$

from cartesian monoidal categories and product-preserving functors to symmetric monoidal categories and strong symmetric monoidal functors, is coreflective. That is to say, it has a right bi-adjoint which sends $M$ to $CocommCoalg(M)$, and the unit of the 2-adjunction is an equivalence.

###### Corollary

The 2-category of cartesian monoidal categories is comonadic (in the bicategorical sense) over the 2-category of symmetric monoidal categories.

Revised on August 29, 2015 12:18:26 by Todd Trimble (67.81.95.215)