# Contents

## Idea

In classical mathematics, a subsingleton could either be defined as

• a set $S$ such that for all elements $a \in S$ and $b \in S$, $a = b$

• a set $S$ which is either empty or a singleton.

However, in constructive mathematics, the two notions of subsingleton are no longer the same, because the axiom of excluded middle no longer holds true. Instead, one usually defines a subsingleton as the first definition, and the second definition is then referred to as about decidable subsingletons.

Every subsingleton $S$ comes with an injection $i \colon S \to 1$ into a singleton $1$, and is thus is a (structural) subset of $1$. A subsingleton is also decidable in the subset sense: defining the relation $x \in_1 S$ as

$x \in_1 S \coloneqq \exists y \in 1.i(x) = y$

for all elements $x \in 1$, $x \in_1 S$ or $\neg (x \in_1 S)$.

Decidable subsingletons could be generalized from Set to any coherent category: they are precisely the decidable subterminal objects in a coherent category.

Last revised on August 2, 2023 at 18:25:50. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.