nLab midpoint algebra

Contents

Context

Algebra

higher algebra

universal algebra

Contents

Idea

The idea of a midpoint algebra comes from Peter Freyd.

Definition

A midpoint algebra is a magma $(M,\vert)$ that is commutative, idempotent, and medial:

• for all $a$ in $M$, $a \vert a = a$

• for all $a$ and $b$ in $M$, $a \vert b = b \vert a$

• for all $a$, $b$, $c$, and $d$ in $M$, $(a \vert b) \vert (c \vert d) = (a \vert c) \vert (b \vert d)$

Properties

The currying of the midpoint operation $\vert$ results in the contraction $(-)\vert : M \to (M \to M)$. Contractions are midpoint homomorphisms: for all $a$, $b$, and $c$ in $M$, $(a \vert) (b \vert c) = ((a \vert) b) \vert ((a \vert) c)$.

Examples

The rational numbers, real numbers, and the complex numbers with $a \vert b \coloneqq \frac{a + b}{2}$ are examples of midpoint algebras.

The trivial group with $a \vert b = a \cdot b$ is a midpoint algebra.

References

• Peter Freyd, Algebraic real analysis, Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 20, 2008, No. 10, pp 215-306 (tac:20-10)

• Martín Escardó and Alex Simpson. A universal characterization of the closed Euclidean interval. In 16th Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, June 16-19, 2001, Proceedings, pages 115–125. IEEE Computer Society, 2001. (doi:10.1109/LICS.2001.932488, pdf)

Last revised on December 26, 2023 at 06:55:11. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.