In a poset or even proset, an upper set$U$ is a subset that is ‘upwards closed’; that is,

whenever $x \leq y$ and $x \in U$, then $y \in U$.

Upper sets form a Moore collection and so one can speak of the upper set generated by an arbitrary subset $A$:

$A{\uparrow} = \{ y \;|\; \exists x,\; x \in A \;\wedge\; x \leq y \} .$

Sometimes an upper set is called a ‘filter’, but that term can also mean something more specific (and always does in a lattice).

An upper set is also sometimes called an ‘up set’, but that term can also mean something more specific: the up set of $x$ is the upper set generated by $x$.