# The Coleman–Mandula Theorem

## Idea

The Coleman–Mandula theorem is a no-go theorem motivated by the possibilities of Lie group symmetries in quantum field theory in Minkowski space-time.

## Statement

Any Lie group containing the Poincaré group $P$ (in 4d) as a subgroup and containing a maximal internal symmetry group? $G$ must be a direct product of those. In addition, $G$ must be a semisimple group? with additional $U(1)$ (circle group) factors.

## Remarks

Gel’fand and Likhtman showed that with a slight extension of the concept of Lie group, one can get that $P$ and $G$ combine in a nontrivial way. This happens for example in the supersymmetric case.

## References

• I. M. Gel'fand, E. S. Likhtman, JETP Letters 13, 323 (1971)

• Wikipedia (English)

• Sidney Coleman, Jeffrey Mandula, All Possible Symmetries of the S Matrix, Physical Review 159 (5): 1251–1256 (1967)

Revised on September 6, 2011 23:44:45 by Toby Bartels (75.88.82.16)