geometry, complex numbers, complex line
$dim = 1$: Riemann surface, super Riemann surface
The Riemann theta functions are a special class of theta functions. They are coordinate-expressions for the (essentially unique) holomorphic sections of certain line bundles over Jacobian varieties of compact Riemann surfaces $\Sigma$.
As such these are functions of two parameters, a complex modulus $\mathbf{\tau}$ varying in the Siegel upper half-space and encoding the complex structure on $\Sigma$, as well as a parameter $\mathbf{z}$ varying in $\mathbb{C}^g$ and encoding a point in the Jacobian variety $\mathbb{C}^g/\mathbb{Z}^g$. As such the Riemann theta functions are the local coordinate expressions of the covariantly constant sections of the Hitchin connection on the moduli space of Riemann surfaces (for circle group gauge group) (Hitchin 90, remark 4.12).
The partition function of a 2d CFT/string is naturally a Riemann theta function (AlvaresGaume-Moore-Vafa 86).
A standard account is
Review includes
A review with an eye towards the interpretation of the Riemann theta functions as partition functions of 2d CFT/string models is in
Discussion as covariantly constant sections of the Hitchin connection is in
Last revised on July 18, 2015 at 08:19:22. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.