# nLab inserter

### Context

#### 2-Category theory

2-category theory

## Structures on 2-categories

#### Limits and colimits

limits and colimits

# Contents

## Idea

An inserter is a particular kind of 2-limit in a 2-category, which universally inserts a 2-morphism between a pair of parallel 1-morphisms.

## Definition

Let $f,g\colon A\rightrightarrows B$ be a pair of parallel 1-morphisms in a 2-category. The inserter of $f$ and $g$ is a universal object $V$ equipped with a morphism $v\colon V\to A$ and a 2-morphism $\alpha\colon f v \to g v$.

More precisely, universality means that for any object $X$, the induced functor

$Hom(X,V) \to Ins(Hom(X,f),Hom(X,g))$

is an equivalence, where $Ins(Hom(X,f),Hom(X,g))$ denotes the category whose objects are pairs $(u,\beta)$ where $u\colon X\to A$ is a morphism and $\beta\colon f u \to g u$ is a 2-morphism. If this functor is an isomorphism of categories, then we say that $V\xrightarrow{v} A$ is a strict inserter.

Inserters and strict inserters can be described as a certain sort of weighted 2-limit, where the diagram shape is the walking parallel pair $P = (\cdot \rightrightarrows\cdot)$ and the weight $P\to Cat$ is the diagram

$1 \;\rightrightarrows\; I$

where $1$ is the terminal category and $I$ is the interval category. Note that inserters are not equivalent to any sort of conical 2-limit.

An inserter in $K^{op}$ (see opposite 2-category) is called a coinserter in $K$.

## Properties

Revised on December 14, 2010 06:06:01 by Mike Shulman (71.137.3.108)