# nLab geometric category

Contents

### Context

#### Regular and Exact categories

∞-ary regular and exact categories

regularity

exactness

category theory

# Contents

## Definition

An infinitary coherent category or geometric category is a regular category in which the subobject posets $Sub(X)$ have all small unions which are stable under pullback.

More generally, for $\kappa$ a regular cardinal, a $\kappa$-geometric category, or $\kappa$-coherent category, is a regular category with unions for $\kappa$-small families of subobjects, stable under pullback. (For $\kappa = \omega$ this reduces to the notion of coherent category, called a pre-logos by Freyd–Scedrov.)

Makkai-Reyes call this a $\kappa$-logical category, while Shulman calls it a $\kappa$-ary regular category. See also (Butz-Johnstone, p. 12).

## Properties

See familial regularity and exactness for a general description of the spectrum from regular categories through finitary and infinitary coherent categories.

### Well-poweredness

Frequently, geometric categories are additionally required to be well-powered. If a geometric category is well-powered, then its subobject posets are complete lattices, hence also have all intersections. Moreover, by the adjoint functor theorem for posets, it is a Heyting category.

However, since geometric logic does not include implication or infinite conjunction, this categorical structure should not necessarily be expected to exist in a category called “geometric” (and when they do exist, they are not preserved by geometric functors). A requirement of well-poweredness is also inconsistent with the spectrum of familial regularity and exactness.

Note, however, that if a geometric category has a small generating set, then it is necessarily well-powered. In particular, this applies to the syntactic category of any (small) geometric theory, and also to any Grothendieck topos.

Around lemma A1.4.18 in

• Casten Butz, Peter Johnstone, Classifying toposes for first order theories, BRICS Report Series RS-97-20