nLab model structure on enriched categories

Model structures on enriched categories


Model category theory

model category, model \infty -category



Universal constructions


Producing new model structures

Presentation of (,1)(\infty,1)-categories

Model structures

for \infty-groupoids

for ∞-groupoids

for equivariant \infty-groupoids

for rational \infty-groupoids

for rational equivariant \infty-groupoids

for nn-groupoids

for \infty-groups

for \infty-algebras

general \infty-algebras

specific \infty-algebras

for stable/spectrum objects

for (,1)(\infty,1)-categories

for stable (,1)(\infty,1)-categories

for (,1)(\infty,1)-operads

for (n,r)(n,r)-categories

for (,1)(\infty,1)-sheaves / \infty-stacks

Model structures on enriched categories


If VV is a monoidal model category, then in many cases there is a model category of VV-enriched categories. This includes the model structure on simplicial categories and the model structure on dg-categories, for instance.


Let VV be a monoidal model category. The localization functor γ:VHo(V)\gamma: V \to Ho(V) is then a lax monoidal functor, and hence any VV-category CC induces a Ho(V)Ho(V)-category γ C\gamma_\bullet C. The homotopy category of a VV-category CC is the underlying ordinary category (γ C) o(\gamma_\bullet C)_o. We say a VV-functor F:CDF:C\to D is locally X if each morphism F:C(x,y)D(Fx,Fy)F:C(x,y) \to D(F x, F y) is X.

Define a VV-functor F:CDF:C\to D to be:

  • A weak equivalence if γ F:γ Cγ D\gamma_\bullet F :\gamma_\bullet C \to \gamma_\bullet D is an equivalence of Ho(V)Ho(V)-categories (that is, an internal equivalence in the 2-category of Ho(V)Ho(V)-categories). This is equivalent to asking that (1) FF is locally a weak equivalence, and (2) the ordinary functor (γ F) o(\gamma_\bullet F)_o is essentially surjective.

  • A naive fibration if (1) FF is locally a fibration, and (2) γ F\gamma_\bullet F is an isofibration.

Define a VV-category CC to be

  • fibrant if the functor C1C\to 1 is a naive fibration. This is equivalent to CC being locally fibrant, i.e. each C(x,y)C(x,y) is fibrant.

By a theorem of Joyal, these weak equivalences and fibrant objects determine at most one model structure on the category VCatV Cat. When it exists, it is called the (canonical, categorical) model structure on VV-categories.

Usually, the fibrations between fibrant objects in this model structure are precisely the naive fibrations (although between non-fibrant objects, the two classes are distinct). Usually also, the trivial fibrations are precisely the weak equivalences that are also naive fibrations, which is to say the VV-functors that are (1) locally trivial fibrations and (2) surjective on objects.

See the references for general conditions under which this model structure exists.



(Muro, [Muro], Theorem 1.1.) For any combinatorial closed symmetric monoidal model category VV satisfying the monoid axiom, the category Cat(V)Cat(V) admits the Dwyer–Kan model structure. Moreover, this model structure is combinatorial.



Last revised on December 13, 2023 at 16:18:23. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.