# nLab model structure on sSet-categories

Contents

### Context

#### Model category theory

Definitions

Morphisms

Universal constructions

Refinements

Producing new model structures

Presentation of $(\infty,1)$-categories

Model structures

for $\infty$-groupoids

for ∞-groupoids

for equivariant $\infty$-groupoids

for rational $\infty$-groupoids

for rational equivariant $\infty$-groupoids

for $n$-groupoids

for $\infty$-groups

for $\infty$-algebras

general $\infty$-algebras

specific $\infty$-algebras

for stable/spectrum objects

for $(\infty,1)$-categories

for stable $(\infty,1)$-categories

for $(\infty,1)$-operads

for $(n,r)$-categories

for $(\infty,1)$-sheaves / $\infty$-stacks

#### $(\infty,1)$-Category theory

(∞,1)-category theory

Background

Basic concepts

Universal constructions

Local presentation

Theorems

Extra stuff, structure, properties

Models

# Contents

## Idea

Depending on the chosen model category structure, the category sSet of simplicial sets may model ∞-groupoids (for the standard model structure on simplicial sets) or (∞,1)-categories in the form of quasi-categories (for the Joyal model structure) on SSet.

Accordingly, there are model category structures on sSet-categories that similarly model (n,r)-categories with $r$ shifted up by 1:

• there is a model structure on $SSet$-enriched categories whose fibrant objects are ∞-groupoid/Kan complex-enriched categories and which models (∞,1)-categories;

This we discuss below.

Both are special cases of a model structure on enriched categories.

## Model for $(\infty,1)$-categories

Here we describe the model category structure on SSet Cat that makes it a model for the (∞,1)-category of (∞,1)-categories.

###### Definition

An sSet-enriched functor $F : C \to D$ between sSet-categories is called a weak equivalence precisely if

This notion is due to Dwyer & Kan 80 FuncComp, Sec. 2.4 and known as Dwyer-Kan equivalences.

###### Proposition

A Quillen equivalence $D \leftrightarrows C$ between model categories induces a Dwyer-Kan-equivalence $L C \leftrightarrow L D$ between their simplicial localizations.

This is made explicit in Mazel-Gee 15, p. 17 to follow from Dwyer & Kan 80, Prop. 4.4 with 5.4.

The analogous statement under further passage to Joyal equivalences of quasi-categories is Lurie 09, Cor. A.3.1.12, under the additional assumptions that the model categories are simplicial, that every object of $C$ is cofibrant and that the right adjoint is an sSet enriched functor.

###### Proposition

The category SSet Cat of small simplicially enriched categories carries the structure of a model category with

• weak equivalences the Dwyer-Kan equivalences;

• fibrations those sSet-enriched functors $F : C \to D$ such that

1. for all $x, y \in C$ the morphism $F_{x,y} : C(x,y) \to D(F(x), F(y))$ is a fibration in the standard model structure on simplicial sets;

2. the induced functor $\pi_0(F) : Ho(C) \to Ho(D)$ on homotopy categories is an isofibration.

###### Remark

In particular, the fibrant objects in this structure are the Kan complex-enriched categories, i.e. the strictly ∞-groupoid-enriched ones (see (n,r)-category).

## Properties

###### Proposition

The Bergner model structure of prop. is a proper model category.

A reference for right properness is (Bergner 04, prop. 3.5). A reference for left properness is (Lurie, A.3.2.4) and (Lurie, A.3.2.25).

The entries of the following table display model categories and Quillen equivalences between these that present the (∞,1)-category of (∞,1)-categories (second table), of (∞,1)-operads (third table) and of $\mathcal{O}$-monoidal (∞,1)-categories (fourth table).

general pattern
$\downarrow$$\downarrow$
enriched (∞,1)-category$\hookrightarrow$internal (∞,1)-category
(∞,1)Cat
SimplicialCategories$-$homotopy coherent nerve$\to$SimplicialSets/quasi-categoriesRelativeSimplicialSets
$\downarrow$simplicial nerve$\downarrow$
SegalCategories$\hookrightarrow$CompleteSegalSpaces
SimplicialOperads$-$homotopy coherent dendroidal nerve$\to$DendroidalSetsRelativeDendroidalSets
$\downarrow$dendroidal nerve$\downarrow$
SegalOperads$\hookrightarrow$DendroidalCompleteSegalSpaces
$\mathcal{O}$Mon(∞,1)Cat
DendroidalCartesianFibrations

A model category structure on the category of $sSet$-categories with a fixed set of objects was first given in

Dywer, Spalinski and later Rezk then pointed out that there ought to exist a model category structure on the collection of all $sSet$-categories that models the (∞,1)-category of (∞,1)-categories. This was then constructed in

Also:

Survey and review: