# nLab infinitesimally thickened point

This entry is about the notion of Weil algebra as the algebra of functions on an infinitesimally thickened point. For the concept of Weil algebra in Lie theory see Weil algebra.

### Context

#### Synthetic differential geometry

differential geometry

synthetic differential geometry

## Applications

#### Compact objects

objects $d \in C$ such that $C(d,-)$ commutes with certain colimits

# Contents

## Definition

### Abstractly

In differential cohesion an object/type $D$ is an infinitesimally thicked point if its corresponding reduced object is the terminal object,

$Red(D) \simeq * \,.$

### In the standard type of model

An infinitesimally thickened point is – under Isbell duality – the formal dual of an $R$-algebra of the form

$A = R \oplus W \,,$

where $W$ is a module of finite rank over $R$ and consisting of nilpotent elements in the algebra $A$.

###### Remark

on terminology

In the literature on synthetic differential geometry an algebra $A$ of this form is also called a Weil algebra. Notice that this is unrelated to the notion of Weil algebra in Lie theory. For more on that, see Weil algebra.

Over more general base fields, this is called an Artin algebra.

## Examples

The smallest nontrivial example is the space dual to the ring of dual numbers. This is the point with “minimal infinitesimal thickening”.

A class of examples are the spaces $\tilde D(n,r)$ of $r$-tuples of infinitesimal neighbours of the origin of $R^n$, that are each also infinitesimal neighbours of each other. Their Weil algebras of functions are a model for the degree $r$-differential forms. Details on this are at spaces of infinitesimal k-simplices.

## Applications

The site of definition for the Cahiers topos is the category of spaces that are products of an $R^n$ with the dual of a Weil algebra. So these are infinitesmally thickened Cartesian spaces. These are typically sufficient as test spaces for more general spaces.

cohesion

• (shape modality $\dashv$ flat modality $\dashv$ sharp modality)

$(ʃ \dashv \flat \dashv \sharp )$

differential cohesion

Revised on April 7, 2014 08:01:40 by Urs Schreiber (88.128.80.110)