Special and general types
The Stokes theorem asserts that the integration of differential forms of the de Rham differential of a differential form over a domain equals the integral of the form itself over the boundary of the domain.
be the cosimplicial object of standard -simplices in SmoothMfd: in degree this is the standard -simplex regarded as a smooth manifold with boundary and corners. This may be parameterized as
In this parameterization the coface maps of are
For any smooth manifold a smooth -simplex in is a smooth function
The boundary of this simplex in is the the chain (formal linear combination of smooth -simplices)
Let be a degree -differential form on .
The integral of over the boundary of the simplex equals the integral of its de Rham differential over the simplex itself
It follows that for any -chain in and its boundary -chain, we have
Abstract formulation in cohesive homotopy-type theory
We discuss here a general abstract formulation of differential forms, their integration and the Stokes theorem in the axiomatics of cohesive homotopy type theory (following Bunke-Nikolaus-Völkl 13, theorem 3.2).
Let be a cohesive (∞,1)-topos and write for its tangent cohesive (∞,1)-topos.
Assume that there is an interval object
“exhibiting the cohesion” (see at continuum) in that there is a (chosen) equivalence between the shape modality and the localization at the the projection maps out of Cartesian products with this line
This is the case for instance for the “standard continuum”, the real line in Smooth∞Grpd.
It follows in particular that there is a chosen equivalence of (∞,1)-categories
between the flat modal homotopy-types and the -homotopy invariant homotopy-types.
Given a stable homotopy type cohesion provides two objects
which may be interpreted as de Rham complexes with coefficients in , the first one restricted to negative degree, the second to non-negative degree. Moreover, there is a canonical map
which interprets as the de Rham differential . See at differential cohomology diagram for details.
Throughout in the following we leave the “inclusion” of “differential forms regarded as -connections on trivial -bundles” implicit.
Integration of differential forms is the map
which is induced via the homotopy cofiber property of from the counit naturality square of the flat modality on , using that this square exhibits a null homotopy due to the -homotopy invariance of .
The Stokes theorem holds:
(Bunke-Nikolaus-Völkl 13, theorem 3.2
A standard account is for instance in
- Reyer Sjamaar, Manifolds and differential forms, pdf
Discussion of Stokes theorem on manifolds with corners is in
Discussion for manifolds with more general singularities on the boundary is in
- Friedrich Sauvigny, Partial Differential Equations: Vol. 1 Foundations and Integral Representations
Discussion in cohesive homotopy type theory is in