algebraic Kan complex

- homotopy hypothesis-theorem
- delooping hypothesis-theorem
- periodic table
- stabilization hypothesis-theorem
- exactness hypothesis
- holographic principle

- (n,r)-category
- Theta-space
- ∞-category/ω-category
- (∞,n)-category
- (∞,2)-category
- (∞,1)-category
- (∞,0)-category/∞-groupoid
- n-category = (n,n)-category
- n-poset = (n-1,n)-category
- n-groupoid = (n,0)-category

- categorification/decategorification
- geometric definition of higher category
- algebraic definition of higher category
- stable homotopy theory

The notion of *algebraic Kan complex* is an algebraic definition of ∞-groupoids.

It builds on the classical geometric definition of $\infty$-groupoids in terms of Kan complexes. A Kan complex is like an algebraic $\infty$-groupoid in which we have forgotten what precisely the composition operation and what the inverses are, and only know that they do exist. This becomes an *algebraic model* for $\infty$-groupoids by adding the specific choices of composites back in.

The nontrivial apsect of the definition of algebraic Kan complexes is that they do still present the full (∞,1)-category ∞Grpd. Notably the homotopy hypothesis is true for algebraic Kan complexes.

An **algebraic Kan complex** is a Kan complex equipped with a *choice* of horn fillers for all horns.

A morphism of algebraic Kan complexes is a morphism of the underlying Kan complexes that sends chosen fillers to chosen fillers.

This defines the category $Alg Kan$ of algebraic Kan complexes.

For more see the section Algebraic fibrant models for higher categories at model structure on algebraic fibrant objects.

A slight variant of this definition is that of a simplicial T-complex.

The category $Alg Kan$ is the category of algebras over a monad

$sSet \stackrel{\leftarrow}{\to} Alg sSet
\,.$

This means that algebraic Kan complexes are formally an *algebraic model* for higher categories.

See model structure on algebraic fibrant objects for details.

The homotopy hypothesis is true for algebraic Kan complexes:

there is a model category structure on $Alg Kan$ – the model structure on algebraic fibrant objects – and a Quillen equivalence to the standard model structure on simplicial sets.

Moreover, there is a direct Quillen equivalence

$\Pi_\infty : Top \stackrel{\leftarrow}{\to} AlgKan : |-|_r
\,,$

to the standard model structure on topological spaces, where the left adjoint $|-|_r$ is a quotient of the geometric realization of the underlying Kan complexes and $\Pi_\infty$ is a version of the fundamental ∞-groupoid-functor with values in algebraic Kan complexes.

See homotopy hypothesis – for algebraic Kan complexes for details.

If we assume the axiom of choice, then any Kan complex can be made into an algebraic Kan complex by making a simultaneous choice of a filler for every horn.

In the absence of AC, one might argue that algebraic Kan complexes are a better model of $\infty$-groupoids than non-algebraic ones. For instance, an algebraic Kan complex always has the right lifting property with respect to all anodyne morphisms, whereas for a non-algebraic Kan complex this fact requires choice.

- Thomas Nikolaus,
*Algebraic models for higher categories*, arXiv/1003.1342

Revised on February 14, 2011 12:28:14
by Thomas Nikolaus
(134.100.221.107)