# nLab cohesive site

Cohesive site

### Context

#### Cohesive $\infty$-Toposes

cohesive topos

cohesive (∞,1)-topos

cohesive homotopy type theory

## Structures in a cohesive $(\infty,1)$-topos

structures in a cohesive (∞,1)-topos

## Structures with infinitesimal cohesion

infinitesimal cohesion?

# Cohesive site

## Idea

A cohesive site is a small site whose topos of sheaves is a cohesive topos.

## Definition

###### Definition

Let $C$ be a small site, i.e. a small category equipped with a coverage/Grothendieck topology. We say that $C$ is a cohesive site if

1. $C$ has a terminal object.

2. The coverage on $C$ makes it a locally connected site, i.e. every covering sieve on an object $U\in C$ is connected as a subcategory of the slice category $C/U$.

3. Every object $U\in C$ admits a global section $*\to U$.

4. $C$ is a cosifted category

(for instance in that it has all finite products, see at categories with finite products are cosifted).

## Properties

### Sheaves on a cohesive site are cohesive

###### Proposition

For $C$ a cohesive site, the category of sheaves $Sh(C)$ on $C$ is a cohesive topos over Set for which pieces have points .

###### Proof

Following the notation at cohesive topos, we write

$(Disc \dashv \Gamma) \coloneqq (L Const \dashv \Gamma) \;\colon\; Sh(C) \to Set$

for the global section geometric morphism, where the inverse image $Disc$ constructs discrete objects. We need to exhibit two more adjoints

$(\Pi_0 \dashv Disc \dashv \Gamma \dashv CoDisc) \;\colon\; Sh(C) \to Set$

and show that $\Pi_0$ preserves finite products. Finally we need to show that $\Gamma X \to \Pi_0 X$ is an epimorphism for all $X$.

Firstly, since $C$ is a locally connected site, any constant presheaf is a sheaf. This implies that the functor $Disc$ has a further left adjoint given by taking colimits over $C^{op}$, which we denote $\Pi_0$. Hence $Sh(C)$ is a locally connected topos.

Moreover, since $C$ is cosifted, $\Pi_0$ preserves finite products. In particular, $Sh(C)$ is connected and even strongly connected.

Next, we claim that $C$ is a local site. This means that its terminal object $*$ is cover-irreducible, i.e. any covering sieve of $*$ must contain its identity map. But since $C$ is a locally connected site, every covering family is inhabited, and since every object has a global section, every covering sieve must include a global section. In the case of $*$, the only global section is an identity map; hence $C$ is a local site, and so $Sh(C)$ is a local topos. The right adjoint $Codisc$ of $\Gamma$ is defined by

$CoDisc(A)(U) = A^{C(*,U)} = A^{\Gamma(U)} \,.$

We now claim that the transformation $Disc(A) \to Codisc(A)$ is monic. Since sheaves are closed under limits in presheaves, this condition can be checked pointwise at each object $U\in C$. But since constant presheaves are sheaves, the map $Disc(A)(U) \to Codisc(A)(U)$ is just the diagonal

$A \to A^{C(*,U)}$

which is monic since $C(*,U)$ is always inhabited (by assumption on $C$).

### Aufhebung

A cohesive topos over a cohesive site satisfies Aufhebung of the moments of becoming. See at Aufhebung the section Aufhebung of becoming – Over cohesive sites

## Examples

### Cohesive presheaf sites

Consider a category $C$ equipped with the trivial coverage/topology. Then the category of sheaves on $C$ is the category of presheaves on $C$

$Sh(C) \simeq PSh(C)$

and trivially every constant presheaf is a sheaf. So we always have an adjoint triple of functors

$(\Pi_0 \dashv Disc \dashv \Gamma) : Sh(C) \to Set \,,$

where

• $\Pi_0$ is the functor that takes colimits of functors $X : C^{op} \to Set$

$\Pi_0 X = {\lim_\to} X$
• $\Gamma$ is the functor that takes limits;

$\Gamma X = {\lim_\leftarrow} X \,.$

The condition that $\Pi_0$ preserves finite products is precisely the condition that $C$ be a cosifted category.

In conclusion we have

###### Proposition

A small category equipped with the trivial coverage/topology is a cohesive site if

• it is cosifted;

• has a terminal object $*$.

• every object $U$ has a global element $* \to U$.

The first two conditions ensure that $Sh(C) = PSh(C)$ is a cohesive topos. The last condition implies that cohesive pieces have points in $PSh(C)$.

### Sites of open balls

Any full small subcategory of Top on connected topological spaces with the canonical induced open cover coverage is a cohesive site. If a subcategory on contractible spaces, then this is also an (∞,1)-cohesive site.

Specifically we have:

###### Proposition

The categories CartSp and ThCartSp equipped with the standard open cover coverage are cohesive sites.

Notice that the cohesive topos over $ThCartSp$ is the Cahiers topos.
The cohesive concrete objects of the cohesive topos $Sh(CartSp)$ are precisely the diffeological spaces.