group cohomology, nonabelian group cohomology, Lie group cohomology
cohomology with constant coefficients / with a local system of coefficients
differential cohomology
Recall that ( geometric ) T-duality is an operation acting on tuples roughly consisting of
a smooth manifold $X$ with the structure of a torus-principal bundle $T^n \to X \to X/T^n$ – modelling spacetime
equipped with a circle 2-bundle with connection – modelling the Kalb-Ramond field
and in twisted K-theory refined to elements in differential twisted K-theory – modelling the RR-field
and notably equipped with a (pseudo)Riemannian metric – modelling the field of gravity.
The idea of topological T-duality is to disregard the Riemannian metric and the connection and study the remaining “topological” structure.
While the idea of T-duality originates in string theory, topological T-duality has become a field of study in pure mathematics in its own right.
In the language of bi-branes a topological T-duality transformation is a bi-brane of a special kind between the two gerbes involved. The induced pull-push operation (in groupoidification and geometric function theory) on (sheaves of sections of, or K-classes of) (twisted) vector bundles is essentially the Fourier–Mukai transformation. More on the bi-brane interpretation of (topological and non-topological) T-duality is in SarkissianSchweigert08.
Two tuples $(X_i \to B, G_i)_{i = 1,2}$ consisting of a $T^n$-bundle $X_i$ over a manifold $B$ and a line bundle gerbe $G_i \to X_i$ over $X$ are topological T-duals if there exists an isomorphism $u$ of the two line bundle gerbes pulled back to the fiber product correspondence space $X_1 \times_B X_2$:
of a certain prescribed integral transform-form (see p. 9 of (BunkeRumpfSchick08)
topological T-duality
The simplest version of topological T-duality, when $X$ is a principal circle bundle, was originally developed in
and the torus bundle case was introduced in
In these papers the gerbe does not appear, but an integral 3-form, representing the Dixmier-Douady class of a gerbe does. Note that if the integral cohomology group $H^3(X,\mathbb{Z})$ of $X$ has torsion in dimension three, not all gerbes will arise in this way. The formalization with the above data originates in
and
A refined description is in
Ulrich Bunke, Thomas Nikolaus, T-Duality via Gerby Geometry and Reductions (arXiv:1305.6050)
Thomas Nikolaus, T-Duality in K-theory and Elliptic Cohomology, talk at String Geometry Network Meeting, Feb 2014, ESI Vienna (website)
There is a C*-algebraic version of toplogical T-duality, discussed for instance at
Jonathan Rosenberg has also written a little introductory book for mathematicians:
A discussion that instead of noncommutative spaces uses topological groupoids is in
The bi-brane perspective on T-duality is amplified in
The refinement of topology T-duality to differential cohomology, hence to an operation on the differential K-theory classes that model the RR-field is in
A transcript a a talk by Varghese Mathai on topological T-duality is here:
Mathai on T-duality: