nLab
Schwinger-Tomonaga-Feynman-Dyson

Context

Physics

physics, mathematical physics, philosophy of physics

Surveys, textbooks and lecture notes


theory (physics), model (physics)

experiment, measurement, computable physics

Contents

Idea

The origins of perturbative quantum field theory go back to ideas on quantum electrodynamics due to Julian Schwinger, Shin'ichirō Tomonaga, Richard Feynman, Freeman Dyson.

While highly succesful, the conceptual nature of the original formulation, in particular of the process of renormalization (“removal of UV-divergences”), had remained mysterious. In Feynman 85, Chap. 4. “Loose Ends” it still says:

…is technically called ‘renormalization.’ But no matter how clever the word, it is what I would call a dippy process! Having to resort to such hocus-pocus has prevented us from proving that the theory [...][...] is self-consistent. It’s surprising that the theory still hasn’t been proved self-consistent one way or the other by now; [...][...] What is certain is that we do not have a good mathematical way to describe the theory of quantum electrodynamics: such a bunch of words… (Feynman 85, Chap. 4. “Loose Ends”)

These conceptial mysteries were later resolved in a mathematically rigorous formulation of renormalization in perturbative quantum field theory on Minkowski spacetime by (Epstein-Glaser 73), based on (Bogoliubov-Shirkov 59 and Stückelberg 51), now known as causal perturbation theory and perturbative algebraic quantum field theory; laid out, together with other rigorous approaches, in the seminal Erice summer school proceedings (Velo-Wightman 76).

References

Review and history

Original articles

  • Freeman Dyson, The raditation theories of Tomonaga, Schwinger and Feynman, Phys. Rev. 75, 486, 1949 (pdf)

category: reference

Created on November 12, 2017 11:50:50 by Urs Schreiber (94.220.55.151)