quantum electrodynamics



physics, mathematical physics, philosophy of physics

Surveys, textbooks and lecture notes

theory (physics), model (physics)

experiment, measurement, computable physics

Algebraic Qunantum Field Theory



Quantum electrodynamics (“QED”) is the quantum field theory of electromagnetism: it describes the quantum theory of photons and electrons.


Original articles

The term “quantum electrodynamics” is due to

  • Paul Dirac, The quantum theory of emission and absorption of radiation, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A 114, 243, 1927 (spire, pdf)

This left some issues with the quantization of the rational field. These were addressed, and the causal propagator for the electromagnetic field was first found in

For more on the history see

and (Scharf 95, section 0.0).


A decent textbook discussion of the standard lore is in

  • Eberhard Zeidler, Quantum field theory II: Quantum electrodynamics – A bridge between mathematicians and physicists, Springer (2009)

Mathematically rigorous discussion in causal perturbation theory is in

A construction of QED in the context of pertubative AQFT is discussed in

and in the further generality of non-abelian Yang-Mills theory in

Discussion of the adiabatic limit (dealing with infrared divergences) is in

Comparison to experiment is reviewed in

  • Tests of QED (pdf)

Revised on October 19, 2017 10:50:03 by Urs Schreiber (