(2,1)-quasitopos?
structures in a cohesive (∞,1)-topos
rational homotopy?
homotopy theory, (∞,1)-category theory, homotopy type theory
flavors: stable, equivariant, rational, p-adic, proper, geometric, cohesive, directed…
models: topological, simplicial, localic, …
see also algebraic topology
Introductions
Definitions
Paths and cylinders
Homotopy groups
Basic facts
Theorems
This is a sub-entry of homotopy groups in an (∞,1)-topos.
For the other notion of homotopy groups see geometric homotopy groups in an (∞,1)-topos.
Recall that since an (∞,1)-topos $\mathbf{H}$ has all limits, it is naturally powered over ∞Grpd:
Let $S^n = \partial \Delta[n+1]$ (or $S^n := Ex^\infty \partial \Delta[n+1]$) be the (Kan fibrant replacement) of the boundary of the (n+1)-simplex, i.e. the model in ∞Grpd of the pointed $n$-sphere.
Then for $X \in \mathbf{H}$ an object, the power object $X^{S^n} \in \mathbf{H}$ plays the role of the space of of maps from the $n$-sphere into $X$, as in the definition of simplicial homotopy groups, to which this reduces in the case that $\mathbf{H} =$ ∞Grpd.
By powering the canonical morphism $i_n : * \to S^n$ induces a morphism
which is restriction to the basepoint. This morphism may be regarded as an object of the over (∞,1)-topos $\mathbf{H}_{/X}$.
(categorical homotopy groups)
For $n \in \mathbb{N}$ define
to be the 0-truncation of the object $X^{i_n}$.
Passing to the 0-truncation here amounts to dividing out the homotopies between maps from the $n$-sphere into $X$. The 0-truncated objects in $\mathbf{H}_{/X}$ have the interpretation of sheaves on $X$. So in the world of ∞-stacks a homotopy group object is a sheaf of groups.
To see that there is indeed a group structure on these homotopy sheaves as usual, notice from the general properties of powering we have that
From the discussion of properties of truncation we have that $\tau_{\leq n} : \mathbf{H} \to \mathbf{H}$ preserves such finite products so that also
Therefore the cogroup operations $S^n \to S^n \coprod_* S^n$ induce group operations
in the sheaf topos $\tau_{\leq 0} \mathbf{H}_{/X}$. By the usual argument about homotopy groups, these are trivial for $n = 0$ and abelian for $n \geq 2$.
It is frequently useful to speak of homotopy groups of a morphism $f : X \to Y$ in an $(\infty,1)$-topos
(homotopy groups of morphisms)
For $f : X \to Y$ a morphism in an (∞,1)-topos $\mathbf{H}$, its homotopy groups are the homotopy groups in the above sense of $f$ regarded as an object of the over (∞,1)-category $\mathbf{H}_{/Y}$.
So the homotopy sheaf $\pi_n(f)$ of a morphism $f$ is an object of the over (∞,1)-category $Disc((\mathbf{H}_{/Y})_{/f}) \simeq Disc(\mathbf{H}_{/f})$. This in turn is equivalent to $\cdots \simeq \mathbf{H}_{/X}$ by the map that sends an object
in $\mathbf{H}_{/f}$ to
The intuition is that the homotopy sheaf $\pi_n(f) \in Disc(\mathbf{H}_{/X})$ over a basepoint $x : * \in X$ is the homotopy group of the homotopy fiber of $f$ containing $x$ at $x$.
If $Y = *$ then there is an essentially unique morphism $f : X \to *$ whose homotopy fiber is $X$ itself. Accordingly $\pi_n(f) \simeq \pi_n(X)$.
If $X = *$ then the morphism $f : * \to Y$ is a point in $Y$ and the single homotopy fiber of $f$ is the loop space object $\Omega_f Y$.
For the case that $\mathbf{H} =$ ∞Grpd $\simeq$ Top, the $(\infty,1)$-topos theoretic definition of categorical homotopy groups in $\mathbf{H}$ reduces to the ordinary notion of homotopy groups in Top. For $\infty Grpd$ modeled by Kan complexes or the standard model structure on simplicial sets, it reduces to the ordinary definition of simplicial homotopy groups.
The definition of the homotopy groups of a morphism $f : X \to Y$ is equivalent to the following recursive definition
(recursive homotopy groups of morphisms)
For $n \geq 1$ we have
This is HTT, remark 6.5.1.3.
This is the generalization of the familiar fact that loop space objects have the same but shifted homotopy groups: In the special case that $X = *$ and $f$ is $f : * \to Y$ we have $X \times_Y X = \Omega_f Y$ and $X \to X \times_Y X$ is just $* \to \Omega_f Y$, so that
and
Given a sequence of morphisms $X \stackrel{f}{\to}Y \stackrel{g}{\to} Z$ in $\mathbf{H}$, there is a long exact sequence
in the topos $Disc(\mathbf{H}_{/X})$.
This is HTT, remark 6.5.1.5.
Geometric morphisms of $(\infty,1)$-topos preserve homotopy groups.
If $k : \mathbf{H} \to \mathbf{K}$ is a geometric morphism of $(\infty,1)$-toposes then for $f : X \to Y$ any morphism in $\mathbf{H}$ there is a canonical isomorphism
in $Disc(\mathbf{H}_{/k^* Y})$.
This is HTT, remark 6.5.1.4.
Let $X \in \mathbf{H}$.
The object $X$ is $n$-truncated if it is a k-truncated object for some $k \gt n$ and if all its categorical homotopy groups above degree $n$ vanish.
Every object decomposes as a sequence of $n$-truncated objects: the Postnikov tower in an (∞,1)-category.
The object $X$ is $n$-connected if the terminal morphism $X \to *$ is an effective epimorphism and if all categorical homotopy groups below degree $n$ are trivial.
The object $X$ is an Eilenberg-MacLane object of degree $n$ if it is both $n$-connected and $n$-truncated.
When the (∞,1)-topos $\mathbf{H}$ is presented by a model structure on simplicial presheaves $[C^{op}, sSet]_{loc}$, then since this is an sSet-enriched model category structure the powering by $\infty Grpd$ is modeled, as described at, $(\infty,1)$-limit – Tensoring – Models by the ordinary powering
which is just objectwise the internal hom in sSet. Therefore the $(\infty,1)$-topos theoretical homotopy sheaves of an object in $([C^{op}, sSet]_{loc})^\circ$ are given by the following construction:
For $X \in [C^{op}, sSet]$ a presheaf, write
$\pi_0(X) \in [C^{op},Set]$ for the presheaf of connected components;
$\pi_n(X) = \coprod_{[x] \in \pi_0(X)} \pi_n(X,x)$ for the presheaf of simplicial homotopy groups with $n \geq 1$;
$\bar \pi_n(X) \to \bar \pi_0(X)$ for the sheafification of these presheaves.
Then these $\bar \pi_n(X) \to \bar \pi_0(X)$ are the sheaves of categorical homotopy groups of the object represented by $X$.
This definition of homotopy sheaves of simplicial presheaves is familiar from the Joyal-Jardine local model structure on simplicial presheaves. See for instance page 4 of Jard07.
this needs more discussion
The intrinsic $(\infty,1)$-theoretic description is the topic of section 6.5.1 of
The model in terms of the model structure on simplicial presheaves is duscussed for instance in
Last revised on August 1, 2017 at 13:08:35. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.