satellite

(also nonabelian homological algebra)

If $T \colon X\to Y$ is an additive functor between abelian categories with sufficiently many projectives and injectives, then one defines its **right satellite** $S^1 T$ and **left satellite** $S^{-1}T=S_1 T:C\to D$ via the formulas

$S^1 T (A) = ker(T(M)\to T(P))$

$S_1 T (A) = coker(T(Q)\to T(N))$

where $0\to M\to P\to A\to 0$ and $0\to A\to Q\to N\to 0$ are short exact sequences where $P$ is projective and $Q$ is injective in $X$.

This definition does not depend on the choice of these exact sequences, and moreover $S^1$ and $S_1$ extend to functors.

Higher satellites are defined by $S^n T = (S^1)^n T$ and $S^{-n} T = S_n T = (S_1)^n T$ for $n\geq 0$. For every exact sequence $0\to A\to A'\to A''\to 0$ there are natural connecting morphisms such that $S^n T$ (with $-\infty\lt n\lt\infty$) evaluated at $A,A',A''$ compose a long exact sequence.

If $T$ is right exact then $S^n T=0$ for all $n\gt 0$ and if $T$ is left exact then $S^n T =0$ for all $n\lt 0$. If $T$ is covariant and $A$ projective then $(S^n T)(A)=0$ for $n\lt 0$, for contravariant $T$ or injective $A$ replace $n\lt 0$ with $n\gt 0$ in the conclusion.

There is also an axiomatic definition of satellites and their relation to derived functors in the case when $T$ is half exact. See

- Henri Cartan, Samuel Eilenberg,
*Homological algebra*, Princeton UP 1953, chapter 3.

There are generalizations to non-additive categories. See

- G. Z. Janelidze, On satellites in arbitrary categories, Bull. Georgian Acad. Sci.
**82**(1976), no. 3, 529-532, in Russian, with a reprint translated in English at arXiv:0809.1504.

for early work; and also in a bit different setup recent

- A. Rosenberg, Homological algebra of noncommutative ‘spaces’ I, 199 pages, preprint Max Planck, Bonn: MPIM2008-91.

or for a shorter presentation, Ch. 3 or so of the survey

- A. Rosenberg,
*Topics in noncommutative algebraic geometry, homological algebra and K-theory*, preprint MPIM Bonn 2008-57 pdf

Revised on April 3, 2013 01:11:16
by Urs Schreiber
(82.169.65.155)