nLab
irreducible representation
Contents
Context
Representation theory
representation theory

geometric representation theory

Ingredients
Definitions
representation , 2-representation , ∞-representation

group , ∞-group

group algebra , algebraic group , Lie algebra

vector space , n-vector space

affine space , symplectic vector space

action , ∞-action

module , equivariant object

bimodule , Morita equivalence

induced representation , Frobenius reciprocity

Hilbert space , Banach space , Fourier transform , functional analysis

orbit , coadjoint orbit , Killing form

unitary representation

geometric quantization , coherent state

socle , quiver

module algebra , comodule algebra , Hopf action , measuring

Geometric representation theory
D-module , perverse sheaf ,

Grothendieck group , lambda-ring , symmetric function , formal group

principal bundle , torsor , vector bundle , Atiyah Lie algebroid

geometric function theory , groupoidification

Eilenberg-Moore category , algebra over an operad , actegory , crossed module

reconstruction theorems

Theorems
Contents
Idea
An irreducible representation – often abbreviated irrep – is a representation that has no smaller non-trivial representations “sitting inside it”.

Similarly for irreducible modules .

Definition
Given some algebraic structure, such as a group , equipped with a notion of (linear ) representation , an irreducible representation is a representation that has no nontrivial proper subobject in the category of all representations in question and yet which is not itself trivial either. In other words, an irrep is a simple object in the category of representations .

Notice that there is also the closely related but in general different notion of an indecomposable representation . Every irrep is indecomposable, but the converse may fail.

A representation that has proper nontrivial subrepresentations but can not be decomposed into a direct sum of such representations is an indecomposable representation but still reducible.

In good cases for finite dimensional representations, the two notions (irreducible, indecomposable) coincide.

References
See also

Last revised on January 28, 2019 at 01:10:41.
See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.