# nLab k-tuply monoidal (n,r)-category

-tuply monoidal -categories

### Context

#### Higher category theory

higher category theory

## 1-categorical presentations

#### Monoidal categories

monoidal categories

# $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,r)$-categories

## Idea

Two important periodic tables are the table of $k$-tuply monoidal $n$-categories and the table of $(n,r)$-categories. These can actually be combined into a single 3D table, which surprisingly also includes $k$-tuply groupal $n$-groupoids.

## Definition

A $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,r)$-category is a pointed $\infty$-category (which you may interpret as weakly or strictly as you like) such that: * any two parallel $j$-morphisms are equivalent, for $j \lt k$; * any $j$-morphism is an equivalence, for $j \gt r + k$; * any two parallel $j$-morphisms are equivalent, for $j \gt n + k$.

Keep in mind that one usually relabels the $j$-morphisms as $(j-k)$-morphisms, which explains the usage of $r + k$ and $n + k$ instead of $r$ and $n$. As explained below, we may assume that $n \geq -1$, $-1 \leq r \leq n + 1$, $0 \leq k \leq n + 2$, and (if convenient) $r + k \geq 0$.

To interpret this correctly for low values of $j$, assume that all objects ($0$-morphisms) in a given $\infty$-category are parallel, which leads one to speak of the two $(-1)$-morphisms that serve as their common source and target and to accept any object as an equivalence between these. In particular, any $j$-morphism is an equivalence for $j \lt 1$, so if $r + k = 0$, then the condition is satisfied for any smaller value of $r + k$. Thus, we may assume that $r + k \geq 0$. Similarly, since there is a chosen object (the basepoint), any parallel $j$-morphisms are equivalent for $j \lt 1$,

The conditions that $j \lt k$ and that $j \gt n + k$ will overlap if $n \lt - 1$, so we don't use such values of $n$. In other words, any $k$-tuply monoidal $(-1,r)$-category is also a $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,r)$-category for any $n \lt - 1$.

If any two parallel $j$-morphisms are equivalent, then any $j$-morphism between equivalent $(j-1)$-morphisms is an equivalence (being parallel to an equivalence for $j \gt 0$ and automatically for $j \lt 1$). Accordingly, any $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,0)$-category is automatically also a $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,r)$-category for any $r \lt 0$, and any $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,r)$-category for $r \gt n + 1$ is also a $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,n+1)$-category. Thus, we don't need $r \lt -1$ or $r \gt n + 1$.

According to the stabilisation hypothesis, every $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,r)$-category for $k \gt n + 2$ may be reinterpreted as an $(n+2)$-tuply monoidal $(n,r)$-category. Unlike the other restrictions on values of $n, r, k$, this one is not trivial.

## Special cases

A $0$-tuply monoidal $(n,r)$-category is simply a pointed $(n,r)$-category. The restriction that $r + k \geq 0$ becomes that $r \geq 0$. This is why $(n,r)$-categories use $0 \leq r \leq n + 1$ rather than the restriction on $r$ given before.

A $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,0)$-category is a $k$-tuply monoidal $n$-groupoid. A $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,-1)$-category is a $k$-tuply groupal $n$-groupoid. This is why groupal categories? don't come up much; the progression from monoidal categories to monoidal groupoids? to groupal groupoids? is a straight line up one column of the periodic table of monoidal? $(n,r)$-categories. (But if we moved to a 4D table that required all $j$-morphisms to be equivalences for sufficiently low values of $j$, then groupal categories would appear there.)

A $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,n)$-category is simply a $k$-tuply monoidal $n$-category. A $k$-tuply monoidal $(n,n+1)$-category is a $k$-tuply monoidal $(n+1)$-poset. Note that a $k$-tuply monoidal $\infty$-category and a $k$-tuply monoidal $\infty$-poset are the same thing.

A stably monoidal $(n,r)$-category, or symmetric monoidal $(n,r)$-category, is an $(n+2)$-tuply monoidal $(n,r)$-category. Although the general definition above won't give it, there is a notion of stably monoidal $(\infty,r)$-category, basically an $(\infty,r)$-category that can be made $k$-tuply monoidal for any value of $k$ in a consistent way.

Last revised on October 26, 2012 at 04:34:58. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.