A form of PBW theorem says that the symmetric algebra and the universal enveloping algebra of a Lie algebra$g$ are isomorphic as vector spaces (in fact coalgebras and $g$-modules). However this is not an isomorphism of algebras, but rather an isomorphism of filtered coalgebras. One can compose the PBW isomorphism with an additional automorphism to get an isomorphism of vector spaces which restricts to isomorphism of algebras when restricted to the subalgebras of $g$-invariant functions.

The original proof by Duflo is rather case by case, using the structure theory of Lie algebras. Kontsevich in 1998 gave a new proof which generalizes to some geometric situations in deformation quantization and which refines to a fact at the derived level (expressed in terms of an isomorphism at the level of Hochschild cohomology). At the level of derived geometry this expresses the property of certain derived exponential map constructed using Hochschild-Kostant-Rosenberg map precomposed by a square root of the Todd class in appropriate setup. This has prompted a series of articles by Markarian, Caldararu, Chen and others to explain the appearance of Todd class (or related Atiyah class). Refinements and analogues include Kashiwara-Vergne conjecture.

M. Duflo, Opérateurs différentiels bi-invariants sur un groupe de Lie, Ann. Sci. École Norm. Sup. (4) 10 (1977), 265–288 MR56:3188numdam

Damien Calaque, Carlo A. Rossi, Lectures on Duflo isomorphisms in Lie algebra and complex geometry, European Math. Soc. 2011

M. Kontsevich, Deformation quantization of Poisson manifolds, Lett. Math. Phys. 66 (2003), no. 3, 157–216; Operads and motives in deformation quantization, Lett. Math. Phys. 48 (1999), no. 1, 35–72.

A. Brochier, A Duflo star-product for Poisson groups, arxiv/1604.08450

Last revised on December 27, 2019 at 16:16:02.
See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.