nLab supersymmetry breaking



Algebraic Quantum Field Theory

algebraic quantum field theory (perturbative, on curved spacetimes, homotopical)



field theory:

Lagrangian field theory


quantum mechanical system, quantum probability

free field quantization

gauge theories

interacting field quantization



States and observables

Operator algebra

Local QFT

Perturbative QFT




The spontaneous breaking of supersymmetry. Key to all phenomenology with global low energy supersymmetry. In supergravity for instance due to gravitino condensation or gaugino condensation.

In a supersymmetric Lagrangian field theory, the stress-energy tensor T μνT_{\mu \nu} is the image of the supersymmetry Noether's conserved current (S νβ)(S_{\nu \beta}) under the super Lie bracket with the supercharge (Q α)(Q_\alpha)

T μν=γ μ αβ{Q α,S ν,β} T_{\mu \nu} \;=\; \gamma_\mu^{\alpha \beta} \{Q_\alpha, S_{\nu, \beta}\}

and hence the vacuum expectation value of the stress-energy tensor is

vac|T μν|vac=γ μ αβvac|{Q α,S ν beta}|vac \langle vac \vert T_{\mu \nu} \vert vac \rangle = \gamma_\mu^{\alpha \beta} \langle vac \vert \{Q_\alpha, S_{\nu_beta}\} \vert vac \rangle

which hence vanishes if the vacuum state is supersymmetric, hence if supersymmetry is not spontaneously broken.

Conversely, this means that supersymmetry, as opposed to (gauge) symmetries of the Lagrangian not related to gravity, is broken by a positive vacuum energy

(e.g Witten 81, (3), (4))

graphics grabbed from Fayet-Ferrara 77, Fig. 1 on p. 286 (38 of 86)


Scherk-Schwarz mechanism

The Scherk-Schwarz mechanism (Scherk-Schwarz 79) is the spontaneous supersymmetry breaking by KK-compactification on a circle whose spin structure imposes anti-periodic boundary conditions for fermion fields.


Original articles include

Review includes

A quantitative analysis showing that locally supersymmetric spacetime theories will generically not exhibit global spacetime supersymmetry is

Discussion of supersymmetry breaking unified with cosmic inflation via higher curvature corrections of supergravity – in the Starobinsky model of cosmic inflation – includes

  • Sergio Ferrara, Alex Kehagias, Higher Curvature Supergravity, Supersymmetry Breaking and Inflation (arXiv:1407.5187)

  • I. Dalianis, F. Farakos, A. Kehagias, A. Riotto, R. von Unge, Supersymmetry Breaking and Inflation from Higher Curvature Supergravity (arXiv:1409.8299)

Last revised on April 12, 2020 at 12:35:28. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.