String Theory Dynamics In Various Dimensions,
Nucl. Phys. B443:85-126, 1995
on M-theory and duality in string theory via consideration of BPS states, specifically establishing evidence for duality between M-theory and type IIA string theory.
A public talk announcing the conjecture that the strong-coupling limit of type IIA string theory is 11-dimensional supergravity KK-compactified on a circle is at 15:12 in
19:33: “Ten years ago we had the embarrassment that there were five consistent string theories plus a close cousin, which was 11-dimensional supergravity.” (19:40): “I promise you that by the end of the talk we have just one big theory.”
The term “M-theory” seems to originate in
as a “non-committed” shorthand for “membrane theory”
As it has been proposed that the eleven-dimensional theory is a supermembrane theory but there are some reasons to doubt that interpretation,1 we will non-committally call it the M-theory, leaving to the future the relation of M to membranes. (Hořava-Witten 95, p. 2)
and
which coined the association
the eleven-dimensional “M-theory” (where M stands for magic, mystery, or membrane, according to taste) (Witten 95, p. 1)
that later gained much publicity
The term became fully established with surveys including
See also
Last revised on October 24, 2020 at 07:51:31. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.