algebraic quantum field theory (perturbative, on curved spacetimes, homotopical)
quantum mechanical system, quantum probability
interacting field quantization
general mechanisms
electric-magnetic duality, Montonen-Olive duality, geometric Langlands duality
string-fivebrane duality
string-QFT duality
QFT-QFT duality:
In perturbative quantum field theory the KLT relations (Kawai-Lewellen-Tye 86) express tree level scattering amplitudes in (super-)gravity equivalently as squares of scattering amplitudes in (super-)Yang-Mills theory.
These relations are manifest in perturbative string theory-UV-completions of gravity+Yang-Mills theory, where they were originally found and from which the QFT relations have been deduced: in string theory the graviton is an excitation of the closed string and the gluon of the open string. But cylinder-shaped worldvolume may be read in two different ways: either as a closed string propagator or as an open string vacuum diagram. This open/closed string duality of string scattering amplitudes yields the KLT relations.
Moreover, a color-kinematics duality suggest that these relations extend from tree level to all loop order spring
The original article is
See also
Zvi Bern, Perturbative Quantum Gravity and its Relation to Gauge Theory, LivingRev.Rel.5:5,2002 (arXiv:gr-qc/0206071)
N. E. J. Bjerrum-Bohr, K. Risager, String theory and the KLT-relations between gravity and gauge theory including external matter (arXiv:hep-th/0407085)
Zvi Bern, The S-matrix reloaded: Twistors, Unitarity, Gauge theories and Gravity, 2005 (pdf)
Zvi Bern, John Joseph Carrasco, Lance Dixon, Henrik Johansson, Radu Roiban, Amplitudes and Ultraviolet Behavior of N=8 Supergravity (arXiv:1103.1848)
Bo Feng, Song He, Rijun Huang, Yin Jia, Note on New KLT relations (arXiv:1008.1626)
Dhritiman Nandan, Jan Plefka, Oliver Schlotterer, Congkao Wen, Einstein-Yang-Mills from pure Yang-Mills amplitudes (arXiv:1607.05701)
Luiz Antonio Barreiro, Ricardo Medina, The origin of the KLT relations and nonlinear relations for Yang-Mills amplitudes (arxiv:1910.13519)
The extension of the KLT relation beyond tree level to “quantum gravity is Yang-Mills squared” (“double copy” approach) originates with
and is further discussed in
David C. Dunbar, Paul S. Norridge, Calculation of Graviton Scattering Amplitudes using String-Based Methods, Nucl.Phys. B433 (1995) 181-208 (arXiv:hep-th/9408014)
Zvi Bern, D.C. Dunbar, T. Shimada, String-Based Methods in Perturbative Gravity, Phys.Lett.B312:277-284, 1993 (arXiv:hep-th/9307001)
A. Anastasiou, L. Borsten, Mike Duff, A. Marrani, S. Nagy, M. Zoccali, Are all supergravity theories Yang-Mills squared? (arXiv:1707.03234)
A. Anastasiou, L. Borsten, M. J. Duff, M. J. Hughes, A. Marrani, S. Nagy, M. Zoccali, Twin Supergravities from Yang-Mills Squared, Phys. Rev. D 96, 026013 (2017) (arXiv:1610.07192)
A. Anastasiou, L. Borsten, M. J. Duff, S. Nagy, M. Zoccali, BRST squared (arXiv:1807.02486)
Discussion in terms of superstring scattering amplitudes is in
Carlos Mafra, Oliver Schlotterer, Towards the $n$-point one-loop superstring amplitude I: Pure spinors and superfield kinematics (arXiv:1812.10969)
Carlos Mafra, Oliver Schlotterer, Towards the $n$-point one-loop superstring amplitude II: Worldsheet functions and their duality to kinematics (arXiv:1812.10970)
Carlos Mafra, Oliver Schlotterer, Towards the $n$-point one-loop superstring amplitude III: One-loop correlators and their double-copy structure (arXiv:1812.10971)
Application to computation of (classical) gravitational wave-signatures from relativistic binary-mergers for used at LIGO:
Last revised on October 31, 2019 at 01:16:21. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.