synthetic mathematics






In “synthetic” approaches to the formulation of theories in mathematics the emphasis is on axioms that directly capture the core aspects of the intended structures, in contrast to more traditional “analytic” approaches where axioms are used to encode some basic substrate out of which everything else is then built analytically?.

structures built out of “point-set”-substrateaxioms imposed on the available types


Often the “synthetic approach” is just referred to as “axiomatic”. For instance model categories were introduced as “axiomatic homotopy theory” and indeed they may be regarded as providing a synthetic axiomatization of homotopy theory, which is not based on (but does subsume) the tradtional “point-set model” provided by topological spaces.

Relation to constructivism

Synthetic approaches are naturally compatible with constructive mathematics/intuitionistic mathematics, but synthetic mathematics is about a different issue than constructivism. For instance even most constructive proof assistants in existence have in their libraries defined basic mathematics concepts, such as topological spaces, in the traditional analytic way.

Relation to computer science

There is at least some similarity between synthetic mathematics and domain specific embedded programming languages, see for instance (Hudak 98, section 3.2). In (Hudak 98, figure 2) this shows aspects of a real-world DSL for “geometric region analysis” embedded in Haskell which under the relation between type theory and category theory/computational trinitarianism one immediately recognizes as a fragment of synthetic geometry.

Revised on November 19, 2016 20:16:55 by Toby Bartels (