nLab
anti D-brane

Contents

Contents

Idea

An anti-D-brane is the higher dimensional analog for D-branes of what antiparticles are for fundamental particles.

In perturbative string theory the strings stretching between a D-brane and an anti-D-brane have a tachyon mode. The analog of Sen's conjecture for this case is the statement that the tachyon potential energy is precisely the energy density of the brane and that the condensation of the tachyon mode witnesses the annihiliation of the brane/anti-brane pair. (Sen 98)

Relation to K-theory

In general there are nn D-branes and nn' anti D-branes coinciding, carrying Chan-Paton gauge fields V braneV_{brane} (of rank nn) and V anti-braneV_{\text{anti-brane}}, respectively, yielding a pair of vector bundles

(V brane,V anti-brane). (V_{\text{brane}}, V_{\text{anti-brane}}) \,.

Such pairs are also called virtual vector bundles.

Now branes annihilate with anti-branes if they have exact opposite D-brane charge, which here means that they carry the same Chan-Paton vector bundle. In other words, pairs as above of the special form (W,W)(W,W) are equivalent to pairs of the form (0,0)(0,0).

(W,W)0. (W,W) \sim 0 \,.

More generally, since there is arbitrary brane/anti-brane pair creation/annihilation, the actual net Chan-Paton charge of coincident branes and anti-branes is the equivalence class of (V brane,V anti-brane)(V_{\text{brane}}, V_{\text{anti-brane}}) under the equivalence relation which is generated by the relation

(V braneW,V anti-braneW)(V brane,V antibrane) (V_{\text{brane}} \oplus W, V_{\text{anti-brane}} \oplus W) \;\sim\; (V_{brane}, V_{anti-brane})

for all complex vector bundles WW (Witten 98, Section 3).

For a fixed brane worldvolume XX, the additive abelian group of such equivalence classes of virtual vector bundles is called the topological K-theory of XX, denoted K(X)K(X).

This is one of the arguments which suggest that the true home of the gauge field on multiple D-branes is in generalized cohomology theory called topological K-theory. It follows that also the RR-fields are in K-theory (Moore-Witten 00).

References

Anti D-branes

The version of Sen's conjecture for brane/anti-brane annihilation is due to

Textbook accounts on anti-D-branes include

The relation between brane/anti-brane annihilation and the topological K-theory nature of D-brane charge is due to

and the argument that this implies that also the RR-fields are in K-theory is due to

Review of this is in

Anti M-branes

Similarly for lifts to M-branes:

anti-M2-branes:

  • Mohammad R. Garousi, A proposal for M2-brane-anti-M2-brane action, Phys.Lett.B686:59-63, 2010 (arXiv:0809.0381)

anti-M5-branes:

  • Seiji Terashima, footnote 2 on section 4 of On M5-branes in N=6 Membrane Action, JHEP0808:080,2008 (arXiv:0807.0197)

Last revised on January 31, 2019 at 07:05:25. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.