# nLab formal smooth manifold

Contents

This entry is about smooth manifolds with infinitesimal thickenings. For “formal spaces” in the sense that their de Rham complex is a formal dg-algebra, see there.

### Context

#### Synthetic differential geometry

synthetic differential geometry

Introductions

from point-set topology to differentiable manifolds

Differentials

V-manifolds

smooth space

Tangency

The magic algebraic facts

Theorems

Axiomatics

cohesion

• (shape modality $\dashv$ flat modality $\dashv$ sharp modality)

$(\esh \dashv \flat \dashv \sharp )$

• dR-shape modality$\dashv$ dR-flat modality

$\esh_{dR} \dashv \flat_{dR}$

infinitesimal cohesion

tangent cohesion

differential cohesion

singular cohesion

$\array{ && id &\dashv& id \\ && \vee && \vee \\ &\stackrel{fermionic}{}& \rightrightarrows &\dashv& \rightsquigarrow & \stackrel{bosonic}{} \\ && \bot && \bot \\ &\stackrel{bosonic}{} & \rightsquigarrow &\dashv& \mathrm{R}\!\!\mathrm{h} & \stackrel{rheonomic}{} \\ && \vee && \vee \\ &\stackrel{reduced}{} & \Re &\dashv& \Im & \stackrel{infinitesimal}{} \\ && \bot && \bot \\ &\stackrel{infinitesimal}{}& \Im &\dashv& \& & \stackrel{\text{étale}}{} \\ && \vee && \vee \\ &\stackrel{cohesive}{}& \esh &\dashv& \flat & \stackrel{discrete}{} \\ && \bot && \bot \\ &\stackrel{discrete}{}& \flat &\dashv& \sharp & \stackrel{continuous}{} \\ && \vee && \vee \\ && \emptyset &\dashv& \ast }$

Models

Lie theory, ∞-Lie theory

differential equations, variational calculus

Chern-Weil theory, ∞-Chern-Weil theory

Cartan geometry (super, higher)

# Contents

## Idea

A formal smooth manifold is a smooth manifold equipped possibly with infinitesimal extension.

In the differential cohesion of synthetic differential infinity-groupoids these are the spaces locally isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n \times D$, where $\mathbb{R}^n$ is a Cartesian space and $D$ is an infinitesimally thickened point. Here $\mathbb{R}^n$ is the underlying reduced manifold.

## References

• Anders Kock, Formal manifolds and synthetic theory of jet bundles, Cahiers de Topologie et Géométrie Différentielle Catégoriques (1980) Volume: 21, Issue: 3 (Numdam)

• Anders Kock, section I.17 and I.19 of Synthetic Differential Geometry, (pdf)

Formal smooth manifolds of the simple product form $X \times D$ in the category of smooth loci for $X$ an ordinary smooth manifold and $D$ and infinitesimal space have been considered in section 4 of

• Eduardo Dubuc, Sur les modeles de la geometrie differentielle synthetique Cahiers de Topologie et Géométrie Différentielle Catégoriques, 20 no. 3 (1979), p. 231-279 (numdam).

For more on this see Cahiers topos

Last revised on November 4, 2018 at 07:15:13. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.