natural deduction metalanguage, practical foundations
type theory (dependent, intensional, observational type theory, homotopy type theory)
computational trinitarianism =
propositions as types +programs as proofs +relation type theory/category theory
In classical algebraic topology, there is a spectrification functor which is left adjoint to the inclusion of spectra in prespectra. For instance, this is how a suspension spectrum is constructed: by spectrifying the prespectrum $X_n \coloneqq \Sigma^n A$. There is an analogue in homotopy type theory which constructs the spectrification of a sequential spectrum type (i.e. prespectrum types) into a Omega-spectrum type (i.e. spectrum types).
The following higher inductive type should construct spectrification in homotopy type theory (though this has not yet been verified formally). (There are some abuses of notation below, which can be made precise using Coq typeclasses and implicit arguments.)
Inductive spectrify (X : prespectrum) : nat -> Type :=
| to_spectrify : forall n, X n -> spectrify X n
| spectrify_glue : forall n, spectrify X n ->
to_spectrify (S n) (pt (S n)) == to_spectrify (S n) (pt (S n))
| to_spectrify_is_prespectrum_map : forall n (x : X n),
spectrify_glue n (to_spectrify n x)
== loop_functor (to_spectrify (S n)) (glue n x)
| spectrify_glue_retraction : forall n
(p : to_spectrify (S n) (pt (S n)) == to_spectrify (S n) (pt (S n))),
spectrify X n
| spectrify_glue_retraction_is_retraction : forall n (sx : spectrify X n),
spectrify_glue_retraction n (spectrify_glue n sx) == sx
| spectrify_glue_section : forall n
(p : to_spectrify (S n) (pt (S n)) == to_spectrify (S n) (pt (S n))),
spectrify X n
| spectrify_glue_section_is_section : forall n
(p : to_spectrify (S n) (pt (S n)) == to_spectrify (S n) (pt (S n))),
spectrify_glue n (spectrify_glue_section n p) == p.
We can unravel this as follows, using more traditional notation. Let $L X$ denote the spectrification being constructed. The first constructor says that each $(L X)_n$ comes with a map from $X_n$, called $\ell_n$ say (denoted to_spectrify n
above). This induces a basepoint in each type $(L X)_n$, namely the image $\ell_n(*)$ of the basepoint of $X_n$. The many occurrences of
to_spectrify (S n) (pt (S n)) == to_spectrify (S n) (pt (S n))
simply refer to the based loop space of $\Omega_{\ell_{n+1}(*)} (L X)_{n+1}$ of $(L X)_{n+1}$ at this base point.
Thus, the second constructor spectrify_glue
gives the structure maps $(L X)_n \to \Omega (L X)_{n+1}$ to make $L X$ into a prespectrum. Similarly, the third constructor says that the maps $\ell_n\colon X_n \to (L X)_n$ commute with the structure maps up to a specified homotopy.
Since the basepoints of the types $(L X)_n$ are induced from those of each $X_n$, this automatically implies that the maps $(L X)_n \to \Omega (L X)_{n+1}$ are pointed maps (up to a specified homotopy) and that the $\ell_n$ commute with these pointings (up to a specified homotopy). This makes $\ell$ into a map of prespectra.
Finally, the fourth through seventh constructors say that $L X$ is a spectrum, by giving h-isomorphism data: a retraction and a section for each glue map $(L X)_n \to \Omega (L X)_{n+1}$. We could use adjoint equivalence data as we did for localization, but this approach avoids the presence of level-3 path constructors. (We could have used h-iso data in localization too, thereby avoiding even level-2 constructors there.) It is important, in general, to use a sort of equivalence data which forms an h-prop; otherwise we would be adding structure rather than merely the property of such-and-such map being an equivalence.
Univalent Foundations Project, Homotopy Type Theory – Univalent Foundations of Mathematics (2013)
Floris van Doorn (2018), On the Formalization of Higher Inductive Types and Synthetic Homotopy Theory, (arXiv:1808.10690, web)
Last revised on June 9, 2022 at 05:58:13. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.