nLab store comonad



Type theory

natural deduction metalanguage, practical foundations

  1. type formation rule
  2. term introduction rule
  3. term elimination rule
  4. computation rule

type theory (dependent, intensional, observational type theory, homotopy type theory)

syntax object language

computational trinitarianism =
propositions as types +programs as proofs +relation type theory/category theory

logicset theory (internal logic of)category theorytype theory
predicatefamily of setsdisplay morphismdependent type
proofelementgeneralized elementterm/program
cut rulecomposition of classifying morphisms / pullback of display mapssubstitution
introduction rule for implicationcounit for hom-tensor adjunctionlambda
elimination rule for implicationunit for hom-tensor adjunctionapplication
cut elimination for implicationone of the zigzag identities for hom-tensor adjunctionbeta reduction
identity elimination for implicationthe other zigzag identity for hom-tensor adjunctioneta conversion
truesingletonterminal object/(-2)-truncated objecth-level 0-type/unit type
falseempty setinitial objectempty type
proposition, truth valuesubsingletonsubterminal object/(-1)-truncated objecth-proposition, mere proposition
logical conjunctioncartesian productproductproduct type
disjunctiondisjoint union (support of)coproduct ((-1)-truncation of)sum type (bracket type of)
implicationfunction set (into subsingleton)internal hom (into subterminal object)function type (into h-proposition)
negationfunction set into empty setinternal hom into initial objectfunction type into empty type
universal quantificationindexed cartesian product (of family of subsingletons)dependent product (of family of subterminal objects)dependent product type (of family of h-propositions)
existential quantificationindexed disjoint union (support of)dependent sum ((-1)-truncation of)dependent sum type (bracket type of)
logical equivalencebijection setobject of isomorphismsequivalence type
support setsupport object/(-1)-truncationpropositional truncation/bracket type
n-image of morphism into terminal object/n-truncationn-truncation modality
equalitydiagonal function/diagonal subset/diagonal relationpath space objectidentity type/path type
completely presented setsetdiscrete object/0-truncated objecth-level 2-type/set/h-set
setset with equivalence relationinternal 0-groupoidBishop set/setoid with its pseudo-equivalence relation an actual equivalence relation
equivalence class/quotient setquotientquotient type
inductioncolimitinductive type, W-type, M-type
higher inductionhigher colimithigher inductive type
-0-truncated higher colimitquotient inductive type
coinductionlimitcoinductive type
presettype without identity types
set of truth valuessubobject classifiertype of propositions
domain of discourseuniverseobject classifiertype universe
modalityclosure operator, (idempotent) monadmodal type theory, monad (in computer science)
linear logic(symmetric, closed) monoidal categorylinear type theory/quantum computation
proof netstring diagramquantum circuit
(absence of) contraction rule(absence of) diagonalno-cloning theorem
synthetic mathematicsdomain specific embedded programming language

homotopy levels


Modalities, Closure and Reflection



The store comonad (also costate comonad, as it is left adjoint to the state monad) is a co-monad (in computer science) used to implement computational storage and retrieval of data (databases) in functional programming.

Concretely, the coalgebras over the store monad are equivalently the well-behaved lense-data structures (O’Connor (2010), (2011); see there) used to inspect and edit fields (“views”) in databases.


On a cartesian closed category, the costate comonad is that induced by the internal hom-adjunction (left adjoint to the state monad).

In detail: As a comonadic triple (D,ε,δ)(D,\varepsilon,\delta) it is given by an endofunctor,

DX:XW×[W,X], D X : X \rightarrow W \times [W,X],

with natural transformations the counit,

ε:DXX \varepsilon : D X \rightarrow X
ε(v,f)f(v), \varepsilon(v,f) \mapsto f(v),

usually called extract and comultiplication,

δ:DXDDX \delta: D X \rightarrow D D X
δ(s,v)(s,λs.(s,v)), \delta (s, v) \mapsto (s, \lambda s' . (s', v)),

simply called duplicate.


Realization in dependent type theory

In a locally Cartesian closed category/dependent type theory H\mathbf{H}, then to every type WW is associated its base change adjoint triple

H /W WW * WH. \mathbf{H}_{/W} \stackrel{\overset{\sum_W}{\longrightarrow}}{\stackrel{\overset{W^\ast}{\longleftarrow}}{\underset{\prod_W}{\longrightarrow}}} \mathbf{H} \,.

In terms of this the store comonad is the composite

Store= WW * WW * Store = \sum_W W^\ast \prod_W W^\ast

of context extension, followed by dependent product , followed by context extension, followed by dependent sum.

Here WW *=[W,]\prod_W W^\ast = [W,-] is called the function monad or reader monad and WW *=W×()\sum_W W^\ast = W \times (-) is the writer comonad.




The observation that lenses (in computer science) are equivalently the coalgebras of the costate comonad (cf. monads in computer science) is due to:

Early review:

Further details:

Further review:

Last revised on November 5, 2022 at 10:40:12. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.