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heterotic string theory on CY3-manifolds

Contents

Contents

Idea

The KK-compactification of heterotic string theory on Calabi-Yau manifolds of complex dimension 3, hence real dimension 6. This choice of compactification means exactly that the resulting effective field theory on 4-dimension has N=1N =1 supersymmetry (see at supersymmetry and Calabi-Yau manifolds).

KK-compactifications of higher dimensional supergravity with minimal (N=1N=1) supersymmetry:

perspectiveKK-compactification with N=1N=1 supersymmetry
M-theoryM-theory on G2-manifolds
F-theoryF-theory on CY4-manifolds
heterotic string theoryheterotic string theory on CY3-manifolds

References

The idea originates in

where in the introduction it says the following

Recently, the discovery [6] of anomaly cancellation in a modified version of d=10d = 10 supergravity and superstring theory with gauge group O(32)O(32) or E 8×E 8E_8 \times E_8 has opened the possibility that these theories might be phenomenologically realistic as well as mathematically consistent. A new string theory with E 8×E 8E_8 \times E_8 gauge group has recently been constructed [7] along with a second O(32)O(32) theory.

For these theories to be realistic, it is necessary that the vacuum state be of the form M 4×KM_4 \times K, where M 4M_4 is four-dimensional Minkowski space and K is some compact six-dimensional manifold. (Indeed, Kaluza-Klein theory – with its now widely accepted interpretation that all dimensions are on the same logical footing – was first proposed [8] in an effort to make sense out of higher-dimensional string theories). Quantum numbers of quarks and leptons are then determined by topological invariants of KK and of an O(32)O(32) or E 8×E 8E_8 \times E_8 gauge field defined on KK [9]. Such considerations, however, are far from uniquely determining KK.

In this paper, we will discuss some considerations, which, if valid, come very close to determining KK uniquely. We require

(i) The geometry to be of the form H 4×KH_4 \times K, where H 4H_4 is a maximally symmetric spacetime.

(ii) There should be an unbroken N=1N = 1 supersymmetry in four dimensions. General arguments [10] and explicit demonstrations [11] have shown that supersymmetry may play an essential role in resolving the gauge hierarchy or Dirac large numbers problem. These arguments require that supersymmetry is unbroken at the Planck (or compactification) scale.

(iii) The gauge group and fermion spectrum should be realistic.

These requirements turn out to be extremely restrictive. In previous ten-dimensional supergravity theories, supersymmetric configurations have never given rise to chiral fermions – let alone to a realistic spectrum. However, the modification introduced by Green and Schwarz to produce an anomaly-free field theory also makes it possible to satisfy these requirements. We will see that unbroken N=1N = 1 supersymmetry requires that KK have, for perturbatively accessible configurations, SU(3)SU(3) holonomy and that the four-dimensional cosmological constant vanish. The existence of spaces with SU(3)SU(3) holonomy was conjectured by Calabi [12] and proved by Yau [13].

(Of course later it was understood that Calabi-Yau spaces, even those of complex dimension 3, are not “very close to unique”.)

Lecture notes include

Further original references include

and chapters 12 - 16 of

A canonical textbook reference for the role of Calabi-Yau manifolds in compactifications of 10-dimensional supergravity is

David Kazhdan, John Morgan, D.R. Morrison and Edward Witten, eds. , Quantum Fields and Strings, A course for mathematicians, 2 vols. Amer. Math. Soc. Providence 1999. (web version)

Lecure notes in a more general context of string phenomenology include

Discussion of generalized Calabi-Yau backgrounds is for instance in

Discussion of duality with M-theory on G2-manifolds:

  • Andreas Braun, Sakura Schaefer-Nameki, Compact, Singular G2-Holonomy Manifolds and M/Heterotic/F-Theory Duality, JHEP04(2018)126 (arXiv:1708.07215)

Created on March 25, 2019 at 06:46:53. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.