synthetic differential geometry
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from point-set topology to differentiable manifolds
geometry of physics: coordinate systems, smooth spaces, manifolds, smooth homotopy types, supergeometry
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(shape modality $\dashv$ flat modality $\dashv$ sharp modality)
$(\esh \dashv \flat \dashv \sharp )$
dR-shape modality$\dashv$ dR-flat modality
$\esh_{dR} \dashv \flat_{dR}$
(reduction modality $\dashv$ infinitesimal shape modality $\dashv$ infinitesimal flat modality)
$(\Re \dashv \Im \dashv \&)$
fermionic modality$\dashv$ bosonic modality $\dashv$ rheonomy modality
$(\rightrightarrows \dashv \rightsquigarrow \dashv Rh)$
Models
Models for Smooth Infinitesimal Analysis
smooth algebra ($C^\infty$-ring)
differential equations, variational calculus
Chern-Weil theory, ∞-Chern-Weil theory
Cartan geometry (super, higher)
A conformal compactification is an embedding of a non-compact Lorentzian manifold into a compact Lorentzian manifold as a dense open subspace, such that the embedding is a conformal map .
The (or rather, any) conformal compactification $\overline{M}$ of (flat) Minkowski space $M = \mathbb{R}^{n,1}$ is important in various treatments of behaviour at infinity of physics thereon (see e.g. Penrose-Hawking theorem?).
Section 4.2 of (Nikolov-Todorov) gives a thorough geometric discussion of the construction and gives explicit expressions in coordinates, and shows that (the underlying manifold of) this $\overline{M}$ is in fact $(S^n\times S^1)/\{\pm 1\}$, for a specific embedding of $S^n\times S^1$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1,2}$, and the action by scalar multiplication.
Let $q(x,t)$ be the standard indefinite quadratic form of signature $(n,1)$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n,1}$ and define the following map $\mathbb{R}^{n,1} \to \mathbb{R}^{n+1,2} \simeq \mathbb{R}^{n,1}\times \mathbb{R}^{1,1}$:
This is a diffeomorphism on its image, which can be described as the intersection of the hyperplane $v-w=1$ and the quadric $q(x,t) + q'(v,w)=0$, where $(v,w)$ are coordinates on $\mathbb{R}^{1,1}$ with the quadratic form $q'(v,w) = v^2-w^2$. In particular, the image of this map avoids the origin in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1,2}$, and rearranging the defining equation for the quadric we get $|x|^2 + v^2 = t^2 + w^2$ $=K$, say, where $K\neq 0$. We can then scale $\tilde{C}(x,t)$ to $C(x,t)$ so that $K=1$, which means $C(x,t) \in S^n\times S^1$. [TODO: calculate this normalisation] Then the final quotient by $\{\pm 1\}$ gives the desired dense embedding $\mathbb{R}^{n,1} \to (S^n\times S^1)/\{\pm 1\}$.
One could also skip the normalisation step if desired, and pass directly to the quotient by $\mathbb{R}^\times \simeq \mathbb{R}_{\gt0}^* \times \{\pm 1\}$, treating $\tilde{C}(x,t)$ as homogeneous coordinates.
The blog post (Wong 2009)) gives a discussion of comformal compactification in general, with Minkowski space as an example. It describes the underlying manifold of (the ‘usual’ construction of) $\overline{M}$ is $S^n\times S^1$, but then clarifies that this is a ‘double cover’.
A conformal compactification, of complexified Minkowski spacetime $\mathbb{R}^{3,1}$, is given by the Klein quadric. (eg, Fioresi-Lledo-Varadarajan 07, section 2). This plays a key role in the twistor correspondence.
Roger Penrose, Relativistic Symmetry Groups, in A.O.Barut (ed.), Group Theory in Non-Linear Problems: Lectures Presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Mathematical Physics (1974)
Valentina, Conformal compactifications (pdf – link appears to be dead)
Jörg Frauendiener, Conformal Infinity (living reviews)
Nikolay M. Nikolov, Ivan T. Todorov, Lectures on Elliptic Functions and Modular Forms in Conformal Field Theory, arXiv:math-ph/0412039 (inspirehep pdf).
R. Fioresi, M. A. Lledo, Veeravalli Varadarajan, The Minkowski and conformal superspaces, J.Math.Phys.48:113505,2007 (arXiv:math/0609813)
Willie Wong, Conformal compactification of space-time (web) (2009).
Last revised on July 18, 2019 at 23:39:51. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.