Randall-Sundrum model




String theory



The Randall-Sumdrum model (Randall-Sundrum 99a, 99b) is a class of models in combined cosmology and particle physics, which assume that the observable universe constitutes the asymptotic boundary of an ambient anti de Sitter spacetime: the force of gravity would pertain to the full anti de sitterbulkspacetime, but the gauge fields and fermion matter fields would be constrained to reside on that boundary, as would hence be all observations made via electromagnetic radiation by observer inside this cosmology.

Hence the extra bulk dimensions in these models need not be small (technically: the fiber spaces need not be compact topological spaces with tiny Riemannian volume) in order to be unobservable for observers. This is in contrast to the (historically much older) Kaluza-Klein compactification models for physics with extra dimensions. Therefore Randall-Sumdrum-like models are also referred to as large extra dimension models.

One original motivation for the RS-models was the idea that this setup could address the hierarchy problem.

Something at least close to Randall-Sundrum models naturally appears in string phenomenology: In intersecting D-brane models the standard model of particle physics is part of the worldvolume quantum field theory of D6-branes intersected to a 3+1-dimensional subspace. By the general lore of black holes in string theory, non-perturbatively these D6-branes are black branes with anti de Sitter near horizon geometry. Hence the cosmology of intersecting D-brane models is qualitatively of Randall-Sundrum form, even if details may differ. For the quick idea see Teraguchi 07, around slide 21, for review and further pointers see Uranga 02, section 18.

For more on this see at intersecting D-brane models the section Cosmology and Holography.


The model was introduced in

  • Lisa Randall, Raman Sundrum, A Large Mass Hierarchy from a Small Extra Dimension, Phys.Rev.Lett.83:3370-3373, 1999 (arXiv:hep-ph/9905221)

  • Lisa Randall, Raman Sundrum, An Alternative to Compactification, Phys.Rev.Lett.83:4690-4693,1999 (arXiv:hep-th/9906064)

Different but similar approaches are

  • Nima Arkani-Hamed, Savas Dimopoulos, Gia Dvali, The Hierarchy Problem and New Dimensions at a Millimeter, Phys.Lett.B429:263-272,1998 (arXiv:hep-ph/9803315)

and the GRS model, due to

  • Ruth Gregory, Valery A. Rubakov, Sergei M. Sibiryakov, Opening up extra dimensions at ultra-large scales, Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 5928-5931 (arXiv:hep-th/0002072)

  • Csaba Csaki, Joshua Erlich, Timothy J. Hollowood, Quasi-Localization of Gravity by Resonant Modes, Phys. Rev. Lett.84:5932-5935, 2000 (arXiv:hep-th/0002161)

a well as intersecting D-brane models.

Review includes

  • Yoonbai Kim, Chong Oh Lee, Ilbong Lee, JungJai Lee, Brane World of Warp Geometry: An Introductory Review, J. Kor. Astron. Soc. 37 (2004) 1-14 (arXiv:hep-th/0307023)

Discussion of relation to string theory originates around

Review of the relation to string theory/intersecting D-brane models includes

  • Angel Uranga, section 18 of TASI lectures on String Compactification, Model Building, and Fluxes (arXiv:hep-th/0201209)

  • Shunsuke Teraguchi, around slide 21 String theory and its relation to particle physics, 2007 (pdf)

based on

with further developments including

  • Nemanja Kaloper, Origami World, JHEP 0405 (2004) 061 (arXiv:hep-th/0403208)

  • Antonino Flachi, Masato Minamitsuji, Field localization on a brane intersection in anti-de Sitter spacetime, Phys.Rev.D79:104021, 2009 (arXiv:0903.0133)

Relation to AdS-CFT duality:

  • Jiro Soda, AdS/CFT on the brane, Lect.Notes Phys.828:235-270, 2011 (arXiv:1001.1011)

Relation to flavour anomalies via potential leptoquarks:

Last revised on January 22, 2019 at 13:37:11. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.