standard model of particle physics
photon - electromagnetic field (abelian Yang-Mills field)
matter field fermions (spinors, Dirac fields)
hadron (bound states of the above quarks)
minimally extended supersymmetric standard model
bosinos:
Exotica
Quarks are one of the fundamental particles/matter fields in the standard model of particle physics. Quarks couple to the Yang-Mills theory given by QCD.
At room-temperature quarks always form bound states to hadrons. This phenomenon of confinement is quantitatively well-reproduced by lattice QCD computations (see Fodor-Hoelbling 12) and qualitatively well reproduced by conceptual arguments such as the AdS/QCD correspondence, but a full analytic proof of confinement from a rigorous AQFT-like foundation of QCD remains open, see the mass gap problem.
However, at high temperature QCD goes through a deconfinement phase transition and enters another phase of matter known as the quark-gluon plasma. As the name suggests, here quarks and gluons are free.
Textbooks:
Due to confinement, before the quark-gluon plasma was seen in experiment it was a logical possibility that the quark-model of QCD is not actually correct. But more recend ab-initio computation in lattice QCD show that starting with the quark model, at least the light hadron bound states observes in experiment are reproduced by these ab-initio computations. This is discussed in the following references, see the good review Fodor-Hoelbling 12
S. Durr, Z. Fodor, J. Frison, C. Hoelbling, R. Hoffmann, S.D. Katz, S. Krieg, T. Kurth, L. Lellouch, T. Lippert, K.K. Szabo, G. Vulvert,
Ab-initio Determination of Light Hadron Masses,
Science 322:1224-1227,2008 (arXiv:0906.3599)
Zoltan Fodor, Christian Hoelbling, Light Hadron Masses from Lattice QCD, Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 449, (arXiv:1203.4789)
S. Aoki et. al. Review of lattice results concerning low-energy particle physics (arXiv:1607.00299)
See also
Last revised on February 7, 2019 at 02:15:50. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.