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B meson

Contents

Context

Fields and quanta

fields and particles in particle physics

and in the standard model of particle physics:

force field gauge bosons

scalar bosons

matter field fermions (spinors, Dirac fields)

flavors of fundamental fermions in the
standard model of particle physics:
generation of fermions1st generation2nd generation3d generation
quarks (qq)
up-typeup quark (uu)charm quark (cc)top quark (tt)
down-typedown quark (dd)strange quark (ss)bottom quark (bb)
leptons
chargedelectronmuontauon
neutralelectron neutrinomuon neutrinotau neutrino
bound states:
mesonslight mesons:
pion (udu d)
ρ-meson (udu d)
ω-meson (udu d)
f1-meson
a1-meson
strange-mesons:
ϕ-meson (ss¯s \bar s),
kaon, K*-meson (usu s, dsd s)
eta-meson (uu+dd+ssu u + d d + s s)

charmed heavy mesons:
D-meson (uc u c, dcd c, scs c)
J/ψ-meson (cc¯c \bar c)
bottom heavy mesons:
B-meson (qbq b)
ϒ-meson (bb¯b \bar b)
baryonsnucleons:
proton (uud)(u u d)
neutron (udd)(u d d)

(also: antiparticles)

effective particles

hadrons (bound states of the above quarks)

solitons

in grand unified theory

minimally extended supersymmetric standard model

superpartners

bosinos:

sfermions:

dark matter candidates

Exotica

auxiliary fields

Contents

Idea

In the standard model of particle physics a B-meson is a meson which is a bound state of a bottom quark and any other quark from the first two generations of fermions (up quark or down quark or strange quark or charm quark).

Hence the class of B-mesons goes along side that of K-mesons (light mnesons with a strange quark) and D-mesons (light meson with a charm quark).

flavors of fundamental fermions in the
standard model of particle physics:
generation of fermions1st generation2nd generation3d generation
quarks (qq)
up-typeup quark (uu)charm quark (cc)top quark (tt)
down-typedown quark (dd)strange quark (ss)bottom quark (bb)
leptons
chargedelectronmuontauon
neutralelectron neutrinomuon neutrinotau neutrino
bound states:
mesonslight mesons:
pion (udu d)
ρ-meson (udu d)
ω-meson (udu d)
f1-meson
a1-meson
strange-mesons:
ϕ-meson (ss¯s \bar s),
kaon, K*-meson (usu s, dsd s)
eta-meson (uu+dd+ssu u + d d + s s)

charmed heavy mesons:
D-meson (uc u c, dcd c, scs c)
J/ψ-meson (cc¯c \bar c)
bottom heavy mesons:
B-meson (qbq b)
ϒ-meson (bb¯b \bar b)
baryonsnucleons:
proton (uud)(u u d)
neutron (udd)(u d d)

Current experiments studying B-meson physics are the \

All these are increasingly seeing flavour anomalies (see there) in BB-meson decays at high statistical significance, pointing to physics beyond the standard model of particle physics.

References

General

See also

Semileptonic decay

semileptonic decay:

Review:

  • R. Casalbuoni, A. Deandrea, N.Di Bartolomeo, F. Feruglio, R. Gatto, G. Nardulli, Phenomenology of Heavy Meson Chiral Lagrangians, Phys. Rept. 281:145-238, 1997 (arXiv:hep-ph/9605342)

  • Jochen Dingfelder, Thomas Mannel, Leptonic and semileptonic decays of BB mesons, Rev. Mod. Phys. 88 (2016) 3, 035008 (spire:1488176, doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.88.035008)

See also

  • J. P. Lees et al. (BABAR Collaboration), Measurement of the B +ω +νB^+ \to \omega \ell^+ \nu branching fraction with semileptonically tagged B mesons, Phys. Rev. D 88, 072006 (2013) (doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.88.072006)

  • Xian-Wei Kang, Tao Luo, Yi Zhang, Ling-Yun Dai, Chao Wang, Semileptonic BB and B sB_s decays involving scalar and axial-vector mesons, Eur. Phys. J. C 78, 909 (2018) (doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-6385-9)

Skyrme hadrodynamics with heavy quarks/mesons

Inclusion of heavy flavors into the Skyrme model for quantum hadrodynamics:

Inclusion of strange quarks/kaons

Inclusion of strange quarks/kaons into the Skyrme model:

Review:

Inclusion of charm quarks/D-mesons

Inclusion of charm quarks/D-mesons into the Skyrme model:

Inclusion of bottom quarks/B-mesons

Inclusion of further heavy flavors beyond strange quark/kaons, namely charm quarks/D-mesons and bottom quarks/B-mesons, into the Skyrme model:

  • Mannque Rho, D. O. Riska, Norberto Scoccola, The energy levels of the heavy flavour baryons in the topological soliton model, Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei volume 341, pages 343–352 (1992) (doi:10.1007/BF01283544)

  • Arshad Momen, Joseph Schechter, Anand Subbaraman, Heavy Quark Solitons: Strangeness and Symmetry Breaking, Phys. Rev. D49:5970-5978, 1994 (arXiv:hep-ph/9401209)

  • Yongseok Oh, Byung-Yoon Park, Dong-Pil Min, Heavy Baryons as Skyrmion with 1/m Q1/m_Q Corrections, Phys. Rev. D49 (1994) 4649-4658 (arXiv:hep-ph/9402205)

Review:

In holographic QCD

Discussion in holographic light front QCD:

  • Mohammad Ahmady, Holographic light-front QCD in B meson phenomenology (arXiv:2001.00266)

Last revised on April 7, 2021 at 13:50:32. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.