nLab stable orthogonal group



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topology (point-set topology, point-free topology)

see also differential topology, algebraic topology, functional analysis and topological homotopy theory


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topological homotopy theory



For each nn \in \mathbb{N} there is an inclusion

O(n)O(n+1) O(n) \hookrightarrow O(n+1)

of the orthogonal group in dimension nn into that in dimension n+1n+1. The stable orthogonal group is the direct limit (as topological groups of this sequence of inclusions.

Olim nO(n). O \coloneqq {\underset{\to}{\lim}}_n O(n) \,.


Homotopy groups

By the discussion at orthogonal group – homotopy groups we have that the homotopy groups of the stable orthogonal group are

nmod8n\;mod\; 801234567
π n(O)\pi_n(O) 2\mathbb{Z}_2 2\mathbb{Z}_20\mathbb{Z}000\mathbb{Z}

or if we instead write down the order:

nmod8n\;mod\; 801234567
|π n(O)|{\vert\pi_n(O)\vert}221\infty111\infty

Via the J-homomorphism this is related to the stable homotopy groups of spheres:

Whitehead tower of orthogonal grouporientationspin groupstring groupfivebrane groupninebrane group
higher versionsspecial orthogonal groupspin groupstring 2-groupfivebrane 6-groupninebrane 10-group
homotopy groups of stable orthogonal groupπ n(O)\pi_n(O) 2\mathbb{Z}_2 2\mathbb{Z}_20\mathbb{Z}000\mathbb{Z} 2\mathbb{Z}_2 2\mathbb{Z}_20\mathbb{Z}000\mathbb{Z} 2\mathbb{Z}_2
stable homotopy groups of spheresπ n(𝕊)\pi_n(\mathbb{S})\mathbb{Z} 2\mathbb{Z}_2 2\mathbb{Z}_2 24\mathbb{Z}_{24}00 2\mathbb{Z}_2 240\mathbb{Z}_{240} 2 2\mathbb{Z}_2 \oplus \mathbb{Z}_2 2 2 2\mathbb{Z}_2 \oplus \mathbb{Z}_2 \oplus \mathbb{Z}_2 6\mathbb{Z}_6 504\mathbb{Z}_{504}0 3\mathbb{Z}_3 2 2\mathbb{Z}_2 \oplus \mathbb{Z}_2 480 2\mathbb{Z}_{480} \oplus \mathbb{Z}_2 2 2\mathbb{Z}_2 \oplus \mathbb{Z}_2
image of J-homomorphismim(π n(J))im(\pi_n(J))0 2\mathbb{Z}_20 24\mathbb{Z}_{24}000 240\mathbb{Z}_{240} 2\mathbb{Z}_2 2\mathbb{Z}_20 504\mathbb{Z}_{504}000 480\mathbb{Z}_{480} 2\mathbb{Z}_2

Last revised on March 11, 2024 at 05:24:35. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.