symmetric monoidal (∞,1)-category of spectra
quantum algorithms:
Given a monoidal category $C$ with tensor product $\otimes$, and an object $V$ in $C$, a quantum Yang-Baxter operator is a morphism of the form
which satisfies the following quantum Yang-Baxter equation in $V\otimes V\otimes V$
where the subscripts indicate which tensor factors are being utilized, for instance $R_{12} = R\otimes id_V\in V\otimes V\otimes V$.
This equation is in particular satisfied by the component $\mathcal{R}_{V V}$ at $V$ of any braiding $\mathcal{R}$ on $C$.
Typical categories where the equation is considered are
the category of vector spaces when the solutions are called $R$-matrices (or quantum Yang-Baxter matrices),
categories of representations of quantum groups; often (a completion of) a quantum group $G$ itself has a particular element $\mathcal{R}$, called a universal $\mathcal{R}$-element, satisfying axioms (quasitriangularity) ensuring that its image in every representation satisfies qYBE
the category of sets where one speaks about set theoretic solutions of Yang-Baxter equation.
(Historical motivation)
The quantum Yang-Baxter equation has been proposed by Baxter in the context of a particular model of statistical mechanics (the 8-vertex model) and called star-triangle relation [Baxter (1978), Baxter (1982)].
Later it has been generalized and axiomatized to a number of contexts: it is most notably satisfied by the universal R-element in a quasitriangular Hopf algebra. In some context it is equivalent to a braid relation for certain transposed matrix. Some solutions to quantum Yang-Baxter equation have good limits in classical mechanics which are classical r-matrices, and the latter satisfy the classical Yang-Baxter equation.
With multiplicative spectral parameter, the equation reads
where the subscripts indicate which tensor factors are being utilized.
Original texts:
Rodney J. Baxter, Solvable eight-vertex model on an arbitrary planar lattice, Philos. Trans. Royal Society A 289 1359 (1978) [doi:10.1098/rsta.1978.0062]
Rodney J. Baxter, Exactly Solved Models in Statistical Mechanics, Academic Press (1982) [webpage, pdf]
Introductions:
Michio Jimbo, Introduction to the Yang-Baxter Equation, Int. J. Modern Physics A 4 15 (1989) 3759-3777 [doi:10.1142/S0217751X89001503]
reprinted in: Braid Group, Knot Theory and Statistical Mechanics, Advanced Series in Mathematical Physics 9, World Scientific (1991) [doi:10.1142/0796]
See also:
Wikipedia, Yang-Baxter equation
Further discussion in the context of quantum groups:
A. U. Klymik, K. Schmuedgen, Quantum groups and their representations, Springer 1997.
V. Chari, A. Pressley, A guide to quantum groups, Cambridge Univ. Press 1994
V. G. Drinfel'd, Quantum groups, Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians 1986, Vol. 1, 798–820, AMS 1987, djvu:1.3M, pdf:2.5M
D. Gurevich, V. Rubtsov, Yang-Baxter equation and deformation of associative and Lie algebras, in: Quantum Groups, Springer Lecture Notes in Math. 1510 (1992) 47-55,doi
P. P. Kulish, Nicolai Reshetikhin, E. K. Sklyanin, Yang-Baxter equation and representation theory: I, Lett. Math. Phys. 5:5 (1981), 393-403, doi
Discussion in the context of braid group representations:
Last revised on February 12, 2024 at 13:25:55. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.