nLab su(2)-anyon

Contents

Contents

Idea

In solid state physics, many or all anyon-species of (potential) practical interest (such as for topological quantum computation) are thought to be characterized by affine Lie algebras 𝔤^ k\widehat{\mathfrak{g}}^k (at some level kk), in that their wavefunctions are, essentially, g^\widehat{g}-conformal blocks and their braiding is described by GG-Chern-Simons theory at level kk (possibly fractional, see at logarithmic CFT here).

If here 𝔤=\mathfrak{g} = 𝔰𝔲 ( 2 ) \mathfrak{su}(2) , then one also speaks of “SU(2)-anyons” (with varying conventions on capitalization, etc.). With “Majorana anyonons” (k=2k = 2) and “Fibonacci anyons” (k=3k = 3) this class subsumes most or all anyon species which seem to have a realistic chance of existing in nature.

Notably the ‘Majorana anyons (in the guise of “Majorana zero modes”) are currently at the focus of attention of an intense effort to finally provide a practical proof of principle for the old idea of topological quantum computation (see the plan of Das Sarma, Freedman & Nayak 15 and the latest informal announcement Nayak 22, after a setback in 2021 and again in 2022).

On the other hand, Majorana anyons are known not to be universal (not all quantum gates may be approximated with Majorana braiding). The simplest universal 𝔰𝔲(2)\mathfrak{su}(2)-anyon species are the Fibonacci anyons at level? k=3k = 3 (e.g. Simeon 2021).

References

General

Early consideration of 𝔰𝔲(2)\mathfrak{su}(2)-anyons is implicit in the context of Laughlin wavefunctions due to

Early discussion of topological quantum computation in SU(2)SU(2)-Chern-Simons theory:

More concrete discussion of these phenomena in terms of anyons:

Discussion of Fibonacci anyons:

  • Ryan Simeon, Universality of Fibonacci anyons in topological quantum computing (2021) [[pdf]]

Experimental realization

  • Gerbold C. Ménard, Andrej Mesaros, Christophe Brun, François Debontridder, Dimitri Roditchev, Pascal Simon, Tristan Cren, Isolated pairs of Majorana zero modes in a disordered superconducting lead monolayer, Nat Commun 10 2587 (2019) [[doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10397-5]]

  • Chetan Nayak, Microsoft has demonstrated the underlying physics required to create a new kind of qubit, Microsoft Research Blog (March 2022)

Laughlin wavefunctions as conformal blocks

Relating anyonic topologically ordered Laughlin wavefunctions to conformal blocks:

Specifically for logarithmic CFT:

Specifically for su(2)-anyons:

Last revised on June 17, 2022 at 06:00:15. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.