# nLab nuclear force

Contents

## Surveys, textbooks and lecture notes

#### Fields and quanta

fields and particles in particle physics

and in the standard model of particle physics:

force field gauge bosons

scalar bosons

flavors of fundamental fermions in the
standard model of particle physics:
generation of fermions1st generation2nd generation3d generation
quarks ($q$)
up-typeup quark ($u$)charm quark ($c$)top quark ($t$)
down-typedown quark ($d$)strange quark ($s$)bottom quark ($b$)
leptons
chargedelectronmuontauon
neutralelectron neutrinomuon neutrinotau neutrino
bound states:
mesonslight mesons:
pion ($u d$)
ρ-meson ($u d$)
ω-meson ($u d$)
f1-meson
a1-meson
strange-mesons:
ϕ-meson ($s \bar s$),
kaon, K*-meson ($u s$, $d s$)
eta-meson ($u u + d d + s s$)

charmed heavy mesons:
D-meson ($u c$, $d c$, $s c$)
J/ψ-meson ($c \bar c$)
bottom heavy mesons:
B-meson ($q b$)
ϒ-meson ($b \bar b$)
baryonsnucleons:
proton $(u u d)$
neutron $(u d d)$

(also: antiparticles)

effective particles

hadrons (bound states of the above quarks)

solitons

in grand unified theory

minimally extended supersymmetric standard model

superpartners

bosinos:

dark matter candidates

Exotica

auxiliary fields

# Contents

## Idea

Besides the forces of electromagnetism and gravity there are two more fundamental gauge fields in the standard model of particle physics.

The weak nuclear force is described by a gauge field with gauge group the special unitary group $SU(2)$ (W-boson, Z-boson). It controls aspects of the beta decay.

The strong nuclear force is described by a gauge field with gauge group the special unitary group $SU(3)$ (QCD (gluon). It governs the interaction between quarks.

## References

See the references at

Last revised on May 1, 2020 at 07:23:15. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.