, ,
,
,
, ,
, , , ,
,
,
,
,
Axiomatizations
theorem
Tools
,
,
Structural phenomena
Types of quantum field thories
,
, ,
examples
, , , ,
, ,
 (abelian )
, ,  ()
 ()
 of
(, )
( of the above )
bosinos:
 of ()

:
Exotica
,
,
, , …
,
,
,
,
, ,
,
,
,
A fermion is a particle/quantum field that obeys FermiDirac statistics? (Pauli exclusion principle). By the spinstatistics theorem, this is the same thing as a particle whose spin is half an integer but not itself an integer.
In the standard model of particle physics and the standard model of cosmology fermions are the matter constituents of the observable universe, as opposed to bosons, which are the quanta of force gauge fields.
The formalization of fermions is in supergeometry: fermion fields are sections of spinor bundles with odddegree fibers in supergeometry. This is exhibited by what is called FermiDirac statistics? and the Pauli exclusion principle.
Pauli exclusion principle, fermion sea?
Fermions are named after Enrico Fermi.
For accounts in mathematical physics see for instance
Last revised on April 11, 2018 at 10:57:15. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.